Viewing 1–25 of 1,879 documents: "white people on the frontiers"

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
June 5, 1793 No War with White People or Red People Little Turkey William Blount Little Turkey reports on the visit of the Cherokee head-men to meet with with the head-men of the Northward Indians. Though the Nortwards appear ready to go to war if provoked by incursions on their land, Little Turkey affirmed the disposition of the Cherokees to remain at peace with whites and Indians.
1793 Creeks' War with White People John Boggs Hanging Maw Mr. McGillivray is dead and the Creeks are passing by on the way to war. If they make war on white people, it should be on the people of Georgia and not on those of our land.
June 12, 1793 Attack on the People at the Hanging Maw's Major King Secretary Smith Major King reports on the murderous and unwarranted attack by Captain Beard and his mounted infantry on the people at the Hanging Maw's which seemed to be aimed as much at the white people as at the Indians.
February 15, 1796 Adopt the Useful Ways of the White People Timothy Pickering Chiefs & Warriors of the Six Nations Pickering advises the Indians to "adopt the useful ways of the white people." He admits that it will not be easy for them to abandon their hunting culture but warns that game is becoming scarce. To quote from the letter: "Brothers, I have often shown you what good things the white people enjoy, and explained how you might enjoy them. You have answered, that what I told you is very good, and that...
April 30, 1791 COPY: Letter of Condolence Regarding Murder at Beaver Creek Arthur St. Clair Delaware Chiefs Assurances of punishment for the murder of Indians by white people, reprimands other bad Indians for "mischief".
June 20, 1793 Indians must refrain from acts of violence. Secretary Smith John Thompson Smith is pleased by the pacific acts of the Cherokees but warns them against hostile acts against whites, such as stealing horses or killing them, that will provoke them to commit similar acts against Indians.
June 20, 1793 Do not suffer bad men to injure whites or steal their horses. Secretary Smith Chiefs of the Cherokees Smith warns the Cherokees not to hinder the President's attempts to redress the wrongs committed against them by allowing bad men of their nation to kill whites or steal their horses.
October 1799 Speech to the Indians Henry Burbeck [not available] Apology for death of solider. Peaceful relations between white people and Indians recounted. Topic of revenge addressed.
June 15, 1793 White People have Spoiled the Talk at Present. Hanging Maw George Washington Because of the attack on his house and the murders that resulted, Hanging Maw declines the invitation of the President to visit him in Philadelphia
May 22, 1793 Answer of W. Payne to James Seagrove Chief of Simanola Tribe of Creeks [Seminoles] W. Payne James Seagrove Payne tells Seagrove that the has heard his talk; cannot answer all on this day. Will answer next day after consulting his people. Says that his Indians don't know so much as the white people. Has been here [Colerain] for some days. White people have used us like brothers. Will give a talk tomorrow.
August 6, 1793 The Law of Blood for Blood William Blount Henry Knox Blount and Pickens discuss the dilemma regarding the murders of Cherokees by white marauders. The Cherokees want the perpetrators to be put to death according to their laws but the only way that could be done is following a verdict of guilty by a jury in a trial. But, it will be nearly impossible to find a jury of frontier people who would find white men guilty of killing Indians.
June 5, 1788 Indians Seeking Peace Prince of Notoly Andrew Pickens Chota Indians left their towns and land so the Creeks and White People can fight among themselves.
September 13, 1792 Misunderstanding of Talks William Blount Glass Glad to hear chiefs sent young warriors from the five lower towns back home after they had declared war on United States. Blount planned to keep some soldiers at block houses along the border to protect white settlers from hostile Creeks. Believed there was a misunderstanding of Gen. Robertson's speech given to Codeatoy, and the beating of White Man-Killer by white people.
[not available] Notes on Good Peter's Speech Good Peter [not available] In his speech Good Peter discusses White aggression and Indian aggression.
May 23, 1793 Answer of Mr Payne the Great Simanolla and Lochaway King to James Seagrove Creek Agent of Indian Affairs Chief of Simanola Tribe of Creeks [Seminoles] W. Payne James Seagrove A talk that Payne promised to give to Seagrove. Speaks of all men as having one father and one mother. Relates a story he heard from the old people that the world was once covered by the great water and drowned all the people, except for those who lived in a house on the water; whether this is the place, he says he does not know. He was also told that the world was divided into seven parts, and...
February 18, 1793 A warning about the effect of white settler encroachments on Indian land Timothy Barnard [Bernard] Henry Gaither Barnard notes that Major Gaither should be informed of a matter, that if not obstructed, will prove of fatal consequences to the frontiers of Georgia. Inhabitants on the upper frontiers have driven cattle into the fork of the Tullapatachee [Tallahatchee] River, which the Indians look upon as theirs. He reports that the Indians will likely drive the cattle away and kill those that oppose them. Mr...
April 17, 1793 Forgive and Forget What Has Passed William Blount Hanging Maw Blount apoligizes to the Cherokee chiefs for the death of Noon-day who was killed because he was armed and mistakenly identified as a Creek warrior. Blount hopes that this accidental death will not lead to further bloodshed between the Cherokees and the United States.
August 7, 1790 Speech of the Commissioners prior to Signing of the Treaty of New York Commissioners for Indian Affairs in Southern Department [not available] This is the speech of the the Commissioners of the Southern Department prior to the signing of the Treaty of New York with the chiefs of the Creek Nation.
June 13, 1792 Depredations by Bowles' White Wretches James Seagrove Governor Quesada Seagrove advises Gov. Quesada that any depredations by the Creek Indians against the Spanish were probably instigated by white associates of William Bowles. Seagrove assures Quesada that he will transmit to him any information that might be useful to the Spanish government.
July 7, 1789 Deplorable Situation of the Cherokees Henry Knox George Washington Knox addresses the current situation pertaining to the Cherokee nation. He estimates the number of Cherokee warriors between 2,000 and 2,650. He observes that the Treaty of Hopewell "has been entirely disregarded by the white people inhabiting the frontiers." This is the third report in a four part series of briefs regarding Indian Affairs that Knox sent to the President.
March 5, 1792 Intrusion on Indian Hunting Grounds Richard Justice William Blount Richard Justice and Thomas Glass write to Governor Blount regarding Little Turkey's movements and their willingness to adhere to any agreement between Little Turkey and the Governor. There have been encounters between whites and Indians in Indian hunting grounds but there has been no violence.
[not available] Notes on Treaty Negotiations Unknown Author [not available] The unknown author lists points to be made during treaty negotiations and discusses civilizing Indians, the Revolutionary War and Indian independence.
October 26, 1787 Instructions to Governors of the Northwest Territory Arthur St. Clair Charles Thomson Instructions to Governor to pursue treaty with Indians in Northern territory if tribes are perceived as hostile. Peace primary objective, but acquisition of Indian lands was encouraged.
May 7, 1799 Reaction to Indian Talks David Henley Double-head Praises division of Indians as wise in order to keep "bad people in order, and prevent their stealing of Horses." Praises improvement of Indians in growing cotton and corn, spinning and weaving. Desires to live in friendship and unite, white and Indian, to care for all wives and families. Observes the departure of Mr. Dinsmore, praised for his able rapport with the Indians and his fair reports of...
February 28, 1797 Speech of the Cornplanter to Washington. Cornplanter, Chief of the Senecas [not available] Speech, mentions Washington's retirement; mentions Revolutionary War; discusses White encroachment; discusses education; discusses Indians and liquor.