Viewing 1–25 of 91 documents: "runaway negroes"

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
February 3, 1802 You May Sell My Land for Negroes James Wilkinson Samuel Vance Wilkinson advises Vance that if he can sell his lands advantageously for negroes, to do so, but that they must be of good character. Gives prices.
February 26, 1794 Request for List of Claims for Services Provided by Negroes in Rhode Island Oliver Wolcott, Jr. Joseph Howell Request for list of all the claims depending for the service of Negroes in the late Rhode Island line of the army;
April 10, 1790 Orders Relative to the Protection of Frontier Inhabitants Henry Knox Henry Burbeck Knox gives Captain Burbeck detailed orders relative to his mission to Georgia to protect the frontier inhabitants of that state. He urges particular care in Burbeck's relations with the state government of Georgia and with the neighboring Spanish garrison.
November 4, 1795 Regarding request to send foreman to Georgia to superintend cutting of timber; on the negroes as less expensive workers [not available] Colonel James Hackett Hackett wants to send his foreman from New Hampshire to to superintend the cutting of timbers in Georgia. Pickering points out the the negroes in Georgia would be cheaper to pay than the men from Portsmouth New Hampshire. John Morgan reports that the work or the negro axemen is satisfactory. Expects required timber to be furnished by winter;
February 26, 1794 Claims for Services of Negroes in the Rhode Island Line Joseph Howell Oliver Wolcott, Jr. Howell encloses a list of all claims for services of Negroes in the Rhode Island line, the amount of each to average about $330.
October 14, 1794 Discussion of Frigate Timbers & Drafts, And Slave Labor Joshua Humphreys Josiah Fox Letter, discusses cutting timber for Frigates; mentions slaves; discusses Frigate drafts.
July 7, 1794 Fortifications in South Carolina Daniel De Saussure Henry Knox Letter to the Secretary of War regarding fortifications at Fort Darrell, Fort Johnston, and Sullivan's Island, South Carolina. De Saussure discusses the materials and expenditures needed, along with the labor, which includes "a great number of negroes."
October 12, 1794 Women attacked by Indians Constant Freeman Henry Knox Constant Freeman, agent for the Department of War, reports that Indians in Georgia killed and scalped a white woman and black woman, near the Cow Ford on the Oconee River. They have also stolen horses and negroes from Liberty County. Colonel Gaither has received letters from them that the Tallassee king has gone out for war, with the chiefs disapproving of his conduct.
December 22, 1798 Hunters in the Woods Benjamin Hawkins James McHenry Hawkins notifies McHenry of hunters that have taken to the woods, and of the Chiefs' cooperation. Also discussion of the capture and return of Mr. McIntosh's runaway slaves.
May 21, 1797 Letter to the Chickasaws Benjamin Hawkins Chickasaw Nation of Indians The author, which is likely Benjamin Hawkins, discusses his plans for boundary surveys, the rejection of an application of a trader, a letter from Piomingo to General Robertson complaining that the Creeks were stealing horses from the Chickasaws, and the claim of George Colbert against the Cherokees regarding payment for "his negroes."
November 12, 1785 Treaty at Galphinton with the Creeks Commissioners for Treaty of Galphinton, November 1785 [not available] U.S. Commissioners for Indian Affairs in tandem with the Indian Commissioners for the State of Georgia issue this treaty at Galphinton between themselves and the warriors of Creek Nation. Georgia demands that the Creeks restore all Negroes, horses, and other property to their owners.
October 31, 1793 General Indian War May Be Inevitable James Seagrove Henry Knox Seagrove worries that unless the Governor of Georgia does something to prevent Georgians' incursions into Creek towns, a general Indian war will be inevitable. This possibility is even more likely since the Choctaws and Chickasaws have agreed to aid the Creeks in a war against the United States
December 31, 1794 Request from Creeks Henry Knox George Washington Poses question on behalf of the Creek Nation.
April 21, 1794 Knox to Secretary of Treasury Hamilton estimates for timber, plank, copper for construction of Frigates; on procurement of timber in the south; negroes as workers; assignment of ship building contracts Henry Knox Alexander Hamilton Information on and estimate of timber, planks, copper for 36 gun frigates. Knox informs Hamilton that the President of United States has decided that the frigates will be built at Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Portsmouth Virginia, Charleston South Carolina. Knox discusses procurement of live oak, which can be found on the offshore islands of Georgia and some in North Carolina. He...
April 5, 1799 Rules and Regulations Respecting the Recruting Service James McHenry [not available] These are the thirty seven rules and regulations for the recruiting service including the prohibition of recruiting individuals who are intoxicated or who are Negroes, Mulattoes, or Indians. Included is a sample of an enlistment document.
May 31, 1791 Implementation of the Treaty Henry Knox Alexander McGillivray Knox disccusses the implementation of the recent treaty with the Creek Indians and warns General McGillivray against taking revenge against the whites who murdered a Cussetah Indian. He emphasizes that the Creeks should return all prisoners and should appoint three chiefs to supervise the running of the boundary lines.
November 1, 1794 Illegal attack on Cherokee William Blount Double-head Letter from William Blount, Governor of Southwest Territory, to Double-head, Chief of the Lower Cherokees. Blount warns Double-head that General Logan of Kentucky has raised a "large army of volunteers, unauthorized by Government, to invade and destroy the Lower Cherokee towns." General Logan's reasoning behind the illegal attack is that the Lower towns have provoked violence on the frontier, and...
May 23, 1793 State of Alarm Among Inhabitants of Georgia Frontier, Etc. Henry Gaither Henry Knox From Fort Fidius, Major Gaither reports many of inhabitants have left their homes; some have built forts on their soil. Gaither has furnished many with arms; militia Generals have ordered rations. Federal contractor issuing about 2000 rations per day to militia. Male negroes and some of their families included in the ration returns. Major Habersham asked that Gaither certify these issues....
March 6, 1790 Lillie solicits an appointment from Knox John Lillie Henry Knox Letter, mentions assumption of state debt; asks for excise appointment.
August 22, 1789 Indian Attacks Robert Johnson Beverley Randolph Detailed account of Indian attacks and resulting defense and attack by U.S.
August 15, 1794 Insurrection of the Negroes, Etc. Thomas Holt Samuel Hodgdon Holt recommends that his men should be paid monthly as they have become clamorous due to lack of pay. He discusses his apprehensions regarding a possible insurrection of the Negores that prompted him to call out a party of militia to guard the public stores.
April 28, 1793 Recovering Three Captured Negro Men Thomas Jefferson Beverley Randolph Jefferson discusses three Negro men that have been captured by Indians and whether or not they can be recovered. He observes that it is not a question of whether they are slave or free but whether they shall remain among the savages or in the country of their birth or connections. Mr. Innes is willing to meet any reasonable expense that will attend their recovery.
1794 Slaves stolen by Creek Indians James Seagrove Henry Knox Memorandum from the Agent of Indian Affairs. Seagrove believes that 60 to 70 black slaves have been stolen from Georgia by Creek Indians.
June 3, 1800 Contemporary Copy of Letter, Zebulon M. Pike to David Henley Zebulon M. Pike David Henley Letter, seeks instructions re: slaves seeking asylum from Cherokees.
March 19, 1791 Instructions to the Secretary of War George Washington Henry Knox Prior to his trip through the southern states, President Washington relays to Knox instructions regarding proposed operations in the territories northwest and south of the Ohio River, and approves of Knox's prior proposals.