Viewing 1–25 of 40 documents: "civilization"

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
July 28, 1800 Report on affairs in Creek Country; civilization plan Benjamin Hawkins Samuel Dexter Letter, discusses conditions on the southern frontier. Discusses plan of civilization for the Creeks and expenses.
September 3, 1792 Regarding the Indian War Reverend David McClure Henry Knox McClure reflects on some of the effects of the Indian War, including the effect on emigration to the Western Territory. He worries that the pace of settlement will be faster than the transmission of civilized culture.
August 24, 1796 Discussion of a Speech to Encourage the Cherokee to Higher Civilization James McHenry George Washington Encloses a draft of a speech to the Cherokeeswhich is designed to encourage their civilization and make its management [by the U.S.?] more economical. Asks Washington's opinion on that document, and opines on the respectability of the proposed emissary to the Cherokee, a Mr. Dinsmore
January 9, 1799 Civilizing the Creek Benjamin Hawkins James McHenry Hawkins is pleased with the Creeks for accepting the plan for their civilization. The Creeks have adapted well to raising livestock and are becoming better at manufacturing. Hawkins comments on the fact that the Chiefs and their wives come to his house.
March 8, 1791 Progress of Civilization Efforts Captain Joseph Brant Reverend Samuel Kirkland Brant assesses the progress of the civilization efforts and describes white aggression and encroachment on Indian land. He alludes to his own Indian History and the Revolutionary War and mentions Indian warfare.
March 27, 1792 Authority from the Western Nations to Act on Their Behalf Joseph Brandt Henry Knox Indian leader Joseph Brandt tells Knox that he is honored to have been invited to discuss Indian grievances with the United States government but first must dispatch messengers to get authority from the Western [Indian] nations to act on their behalf.
March 15, 1793 Knox discusses school for education of Indian children Henry Knox General Israel Chapin Letter, directs support establishing school.
January 25, 1792 Letter from the Reverend Samuel Kirkland to Captain Joseph Brant regarding his accompaniment with Six Nations delegation to Philadelphia Reverend Samuel Kirkland Captain Joseph Brant Kirkland informs Captain Brant that the civilization of the various Indian tribes has become an object of attention with general government of United States. Notes that for this policy, should be indebted to President of United States General George Washington. Relays Colonel Pickering's request as Indian Agent, that Brant accompany the delegation of Six Nations to Philadelphia. Kirkland tells...
August 29, 1796 Discussion of Indian Affairs with Creeks James McHenry George Washington Refers to recent conference between Six Nations and American representatives. Outlines treaty establishing boundary and trade. Refers to murder of Indians by Harrison. Refers to instructions of the President. Mentions plan of civilization. Mentions states anxious to get Indian land.
September 8, 1796 Discusses Indian Affairs; Outlines Duties of Indian Agent James McHenry Benjamin Hawkins Discussion of Indian affairs. Outlines treaty with Creek Nation, including boundaries, trade, punishment of Indian murders, etc. Refers to affairs at Coleraine. Reflects opinion of the President. Questions Indians as subjects of King of Spain or America. Refers to perceptions of Indians as savages and civilization efforts. Mentions acts regulating trade.
April 18, 1792 Knox attempts to get Willet to reconsider promotion Henry Knox Marinus Willett letter, discusses declining commisssion of Brigadier General; discusses Indian council. Knox assures Willet that the position of Brigadier General will entail little personal hazard.
July 15, 1791 Inauguration of a Sachem, Etc. Timothy Pickering Senate of the United States Pickering describes the inauguration of a Sachem of the Six Nations of Indians and affirms a public treaty with those tribes in which he promises to introduce husbandry and other arts intended to bestow the blessings of civilization on the Indians.
April 25, 1792 General Peace with All the Indian Tribes George Washington Sachems & Chiefs of the Five Nations This is Washington's message to the representatives of the Five Nations in which he expresses his hope for peace and friendship between the tribes and the United States and his intention to increase their annuity to $1500.
December 6, 1791 A Plan to Civilize the Indians Reverend Samuel Kirkland Henry Knox Kirkland described the plan to civilize the Indians. Details of the duties of the Indian Superintendent and school masters, and discussed the means to support the school house. He also mentioned the education of Indian boys and recommended a school for Indian girls. Specifically noted the success of the villages will depend upon the exclusion of liquor from the trading posts.
August 10, 1790 Knox discusses Indian affairs Henry Knox [not available] Letter, discusses Indian treaty; advises re details of passage.
August 29, 1796 On the Appointment of an Envoy to Trade, Negotiate & Civilize the Creek Indians James McHenry George Washington Informs the president that the Creek Indians now in negotiations with U.S. commissioners desire a representative to arrange trade, explain boundaries and criminal procedures as they relate to the Indians. Notes that Georgia wishes to make sure the representative is prepared to contend for their interests in purchasing land from the Creeks, as well as establishing a program for civilizing them, as...
1790 Minutes from Creek Treaty Henry Knox [not available] Document, Minutes for Creek treaty; discusses Indians and husbandry.
June 28, 1791 Successful Engagement with the Enemy Charles Scott Henry Knox General Scott reports on a successful engagement with the savages in which his officers and men acted with gallantry and humanity despite insuperable obstacles created by the weather and terrain.
July 17, 1792 Indian Affairs in the Northwest & Prospects for Peace General Israel Chapin Henry Knox Chapin discusses Indian affairs in the northwest and the prospects for peace with sundry tribes.
August 24, 1800 Indian Affairs South of the Ohio River Unknown Author Unknown Recipient Report, describes the state of affairs under the charge of the principal agent for Indian affairs south of the Ohio River. Mentions progress of civilization plans.
December 20, 1791 Letter from Secretary of War Henry Knox to the Reverend Samuel Kirkland on Colonel Pickering's meeting with members of Six Nations at Painted Post and instruction to Kirkland regarding Indian chief delegation to Philadelphia Henry Knox Reverend Samuel Kirkland In letter to Reverend Kirkland, Knox informs that Colonel Pickering held a conference with members of Seneca and Six Nations, with exception of Mohawks. Here it was agreed that certain chiefs should repair to Philadelphia while congress is in session to put into execution certain principles concerning civilization of said Indians. Colonel Pickering writes to those chiefs at Buffaloe Creek and...
November 6, 1792 President's Annual Address to Congress, 1792 George Washington Congress of the United States President Washington presents his annual address to Congress [State of the Union] for the year 1792.
September 3, 1792 Settler life on the western frontier Reverend David McClure Henry Knox Reverend McClure writes Secretary Knox on Arthur St. Clair's campaign. Discusses Indian warfare and frontier and pioneer life. The southern people today experience what the first settlers of New England felt, writes McClure. The foundations of all empires are laid in blood. Suggests that difficulties with Indians will prevent too extensive an immigration over the Western Territory, which if...
October 24, 1791 Knox copies minutes from Washington's speech Henry Knox [not available] Document, minutes for the President's speech; discusses impartial justice for Indians; mentions system for national militia.
October 22, 1792 McClure Advocates Methods of Civilizing Indians to Knox Reverend David McClure Henry Knox Letter, discusses frontiers and pioneer life; discusses Indians and Indian life; mentions publication on moral law; discusses racial intermarriage and Christianity to civilize Indians; discusses race issues. Proposes focusing on children, particularly boys, and immersing them in white culture. Mentions Indians in New England.