Viewing 1–25 of 117 documents: "capital crime"

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
July 20, 1799 Said Joseph Perkins is to be shot to death... Abraham R. Ellery [not available] General Orders: Ellery explains the reasons for the execution of Joseph Perkins for desertion and taking with him two prisoners. These are crimes so heinous as to demand the death penalty as the best way of setting an example for the rest of the soldiery.
March 25, 1799 Assembling a General Court Martial, Etc. Lewis Tousard Alexander Hamilton Tousard asks permission to assemble a General Court Martial to try those prisoners who have been charged with a capital crime. He recommends Edward Kendall for the post of Quartermaster Sergeant.
September 18, 1799 Thoughts on the Crime of & Pardon for Andrew Anderson John Adams James McHenry Adams discusses his thoughts on the sentencing of Andrew Anderson, believing that the prisoners Anderson was accused of helping escape had induced him to desert. Encloses Anderson's pardon, leaving it to McHenry to determine its delivery -- suggests delivering it to Anderson at the gallows, with the announcement that this is the last time such a crime will be pardoned.
1799 Unsigned Presidential Endorsement of Capital Punishment for Andrew Anderson John Adams [not available] States the particulars of the court martial and conviction of Andrew Anderson, and affirms his sentence to hang, in the name of "the beneficial influence of well-placed examples in Military Service." [Note: Adams signaled his intent to pardon Andrew Anderson at the last minute in his letter to McHenry of September 18, 1799].
August 7, 1791 Message to Creek Indian Chiefs Henry Knox Creek Chiefs Secretary Knox offers protection for the Creek Nation by United States if the Creeks will not hold treaties with other states or Indian Nations. Negotiates release of prisoners and Negros under Creek confines.
February 2, 1799 Crimes & Punishment William Littlefield James McHenry Littlefield discusses several instances when his soldiers have been caught and subjected to court martial or summary punishment.
November 12, 1785 Treaty at Galphinton with the Creeks Commissioners for Treaty of Galphinton, November 1785 [not available] U.S. Commissioners for Indian Affairs in tandem with the Indian Commissioners for the State of Georgia issue this treaty at Galphinton between themselves and the warriors of Creek Nation. Georgia demands that the Creeks restore all Negroes, horses, and other property to their owners.
August 17, 1799 On the subject of Indian trade Oliver Wolcott, Jr. James McHenry Wolcott writes on the subject of Indian trade, insisting that public establishments are nuisances and that abuses occur under this system. Wolcott argues that the interest and policy of government requires that Indian trade should rest principally in the hands of a few men of capital, because the public cannot safely advance certain articles of trade on credit.
1799 Regarding the punishment for desertion War Department [not available] States that it is expedient to empower the Commanding General of an army to decide and execute upon all sentences of the court martial, including any recommendations of clemency, for the crime of desertion. Discusses penalties for desertion and insists that no pardon ought to be extended to deserters or traitors to the enemy.
November 19, 1791 Treaty of Protection Henry Knox William Blount United States provides protection to the undersigned Creeks.
April 16, 1797 Concerning an appointment for commissioner John Steele James McHenry Steele stresses that his removal from the Executive Council was procured by the denunciation of his character made by an individual to McHenry. Steele announces that he has written to John Adams to replace Alexander White - who is likely to resign - as a commissioner to establish the nation's capital. Steele notifies McHenry that he listed him as a reference.
January 10, 1786 Articles of a Treaty with the Chickasaw Nation Treaty Treaty Treaty concluded at Hopewell, on the Keowee, near Seneca Old Town, between Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America and the Chickasaw Nation. 11 Articles.
April 20, 1799 Proceedings of a General Court Martial Alexander Hamilton James McHenry Hamilton transmits the results of a General Court Martial, nothing that the punishments are mitigated in some cases by the fact that the United States is not officially at war.
April 22, 1800 No. 88 [Protection of the Frontiers] Claiborne House of Representatives Poorly kept records at trading posts in Georgia and Tennessee cannot show that trade with Indian caused a loss in capital for the U.S. The House therefore recommends that additional capital be extended to the trading posts in order to further trade until records can provide conclusive evidence of loss or gain.
August 16, 1799 Indian trade and dependence on the United States James McHenry Oliver Wolcott, Jr. Asks the Treasury Secretary to withhold from further communication with Congressman Robert Harper on the subject of establishing a trading house among the Creek Nation, until he has additional time to speak with him about it. States that small traders are more likely to be dependent upon the Indians than traders with large amounts of capital. Concludes by stressing the point that he does not want...
April 19, 1791 Acts of Violence Against the Friendly Indians Henry Knox Arthur St. Clair Knox decries the act of violence against friendly Indians by Major Gutrie and his party of militia which may provoke the Sencas to turn against the United States. If Gutrie was called into service by the United States he is liable to trial by court martial and, if convicted, may be executed.
November 3, 1786 Treaty of Peace, Amity, and Commerce Treaty [not available] Articles of a treaty between the State of Georgia and the "Kings, Head Men, and Warriors" of the Creek Nation. Terms include retribution for the murder of some white settlers, return of property by the Creeks, protection of Creek land, and a system to deal with violations of law. To ensure the treaty, five Creek will stay with the Commissioners.
July 3, 1799 Checking the Wanton Spirit of Desertion Alexander Hamilton James McHenry Hamilton affirms his support of the death sentence for Joseph Perkins for the crime of desertion. He argues that the sentence is fully authorized by the Military Code and is needed to check the wanton spirit of desertion that afflicts the soldiery.
May 25, 1799 Approving Proceedings of Garrison Courts-Martial James McHenry Alexander Hamilton McHenry complains that the business of the War Office is sufficiently extensive and should not be burdened with requests to approve the sentences of garrison courts-martial. The Articles of War require the President's approval only for sentences in capital cases heard by General Courts-Martial.
June 20, 1799 Transmitting the Translations Alexander Hamilton Jonathan Williams "I have to thank you for your obliging attention to my request in transmitting the translations mentioned in your letter of the 17th. I shall peruse them with an eye to the claim of indulgence which you prefer, though I am persuaded that you might safely have left them to pursue their fortune upon their intrinsic capital. The army is certainly indebted to you for the trouble you have taken."
July 3, 1794 Letter announcing that a 44 gun frigate will be built at New York; with a description of the general regulations Henry Knox [not available] Circular sent to John Blagee, Jeremiah Yellot, William Pennock, James Sheaffe, John Langdon, Mssrs. Gurney and Smith. Knox describes the general regulations. Capital articles, timber, iron, sailcloth, will be purchased through special contract with Department of Treasury. Labor and material purchases will be made by an agent. A principle builder or constructor will be appointed. Captain of the...
December 9, 1793 Updated Return of Ordnance John Stagg Samuel Hodgdon The last return of ordnance made to the President [Washington] was October 7th, 1789. Hodgdon is directed to make out a statement of all muskets, ordnance, and other capital articles which have been issued from Hodgdon's department from the above date until the present.
October 4, 1799 Punishment for Desertion Josias Carvel Hall Alexander Hamilton Hall ruminates on the possible punishments for desertion. He argues that death is too harsh for simple desertion and should be reserved for deserting one's post in the face of the enemy.
April 14, 1800 Letter to the Secretary at War Uriah Tracy James McHenry Letter from U.S. Senator Uriah Tracy (Connecticut) to the Secretary at War regarding a crime at a saltworks.
June 4, 1800 Official books and papers enroute the Washington Peter Hagner William Crafts Accounts will not be taken up until the official books and papers arrive at Washington.