Viewing 1–25 of 46 documents: "banditti"

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
May 27, 1790 Proposed Offensive Operation Against Indian Banditti Henry Knox George Washington Knox decides that defensive operations are not effective in preventing Indian depredations on the frontier. He proposes undertaking an offensive expedition against Indian "banditti." He emphasizes not harming "well-disposed Indians" and the effect the offensive action would have on the well-being of frontier settlers.
May 4, 1790 Cover letter to Secretary of War James Jackson Caleb Swan Jackson cannot give the Sec. of War information on the number of militia in "actual service", statement below is the best estimate. Roughly 1,000 militia in service from Georgia. Military used to defend the state from "Florida Banditti"and the expedition under Commodore Barclay. More details as to the militias duties while actively employed.
October 27, 1792 Indian Hostilities Henry Knox Governor Edward Telfair Intelligence from Gov. Blount states that five hundred warriors from Chickamaga towns and some banditti Upper Creeks plan hostilities against the U.S. and will strike the Cumberland settlements. Authorized Governor to make defensive preparations.
July 19, 1790 Current Plans for the Protection of the Frontiers Henry Knox Beverley Randolph Henry Knox, Secretary of War, informs Virginia's governor, Beverley Randolph, of the current plans for protecting the frontiers, including a proposed expedition of continental troops and county militia into the Western Territory to extirpate banditti.
October 9, 1792 Cherokee Declaration of War Henry Knox William Blount Received letter from Blount which contained proclamation of war on U.S. by the five lower Cherokee towns which is perplexing along with failed negotiations, violence, and leadership of the nations by J. Watts. Advised calling up militia and confining operations to defensive measures until Congress convenes. Requested Blount send an expedition to upper Creek towns to request that their banditti...
August 15, 1792 Indian Relations Henry Knox William Blount Councils with Choctaws and Chickasaws did not produce any results, parties of Indians from the lower towns to attack boats and party under command of Gov. Blount. Companies of infantry assembled to fight banditti a formidable group, U.S. seeking peace.
December 16, 1793 Report on the Southwestern Frontier and the Creek Indians Henry Knox George Washington Report relative to the Southwestern frontiers of the United States, as connected with the State of Georgia and the Creek Indians, and the territory of the United States South of the Ohio and the Cherokee Indians.Knox believes that, with the exception of a few lawless banditti Indians, the Creeks are amenable to a peaceful settlement and if the depredations of several lawless whites can be...
October 2, 1792 Various News Items Henry Knox Henry Lee Treaty of Nashville with Chickasaws and Chocktaws was successful. Glov. Blount's official report yet to be received on the escape of Col. Hardin. Politics of France discussed.
December 8, 1790 Loan from Holland; admission of Kentucky; Northwest Indians George Washington Congress of the United States President Washington reports that Holland has provided a loan of three million florins. Kentucky is to become a state. Discusses the frequent incursions made on frontier settlements by certain banditti of Indians from the northwest side of the Ohio River. Relates that a military force consisting of regulars and militia, are making up an offensive expedition against the aggressors. The disturbed...
July 29, 1790 Security of the Frontier and Employment of Scouts Henry Knox Beverley Randolph Discusses protection on the frontier against Indian incursions. Suggests that Shawanese and outcast Cherokees may be perpetrators. President Washington has ordered extirpation of banditti. General Harmar to command expedition. Troops to be mounted. Expect that this will result in added security and tranquility. President has directed that Scouts be discontinued. Letter on the same subject is...
August 19, 1790 Comments on Western Border Incidents Arthur Campbell Henry Knox Appears to address various situations on the western boundary of the U.S., from Georgia to Detroit.
October 27, 1792 Violence from Indians Henry Knox James Seagrove Conveyed disposition of Indian towns with details about each town and tribe. Urgently requests Seagrove to impress upon chiefs a council to restrain young men that are committing violent acts.
August 11, 1792 Boundary Disputes Henry Knox Alexander McGillivray Mention of imposter Bowles and his "pernicious influence" on the boundary line between Creek and U.S. lands. Knox advised McGillivray to use his influence to run boundary according to treaty. Land rights, hunting grounds, and hostilities between Indians and settlers discussed.
June 7, 1790 Regarding use of force in response to depredations of Indians Henry Knox Josiah Harmar Detailed account of Indian attacks and continental troops defense against raiding and murdering parties of banditti on the frontier along Ohio River. No other solution but to "extirpate those banditti utterly". By orders of the President and the governor of the Western Territory, Harmar is to solve Indian problem without violating any Indian treaties already in effect. Volunteers from Kentucky...
July 29, 1790 Offensive Action Against Shawnee Henry Knox Harry Innes Circular letter forwarded to several counties. Due to countless depredations on the Ohio, President authorized use of mounted militia to act offensively against Shawnee Indians. Outlined method of payment for rangers and scouts.
October 27, 1792 Advised Defensive Action Against Indians Henry Knox Charles Pinckney Discussed tribes of friendly and hostile Indians with locations of settlements. Notified Pinckney that Congress must authorize war, advised preparations for defensive actions against hostile Indians. President advised ammunition should be provided from public arsenal.
October 9, 1792 Defense of South, Cumberland County Henry Knox Henry Lee Request for opinion on need for additional troops to assist Gov. Blount in defense of frontier.
April 28, 1795 Indian Hostilities Timothy Pickering Robert Brooke Opinion on Indian hostilities and white hunters invading Indian hunting grounds on the north west side of the Ohio River.
May 12, 1786 Orders for the Troops on the Ohio River to Prevent Indian Attack Henry Knox Josiah Harmar Reports hostility of Indians towards the Miami and the escape of the hostages. The Shawnee tribe is not responsible for the depredations. Requests distractions for predatory Cherokees. Refers to embarrassing state of public finances. Expresses fear of Indian war, but claims it shall be a war of justice. Promises protection of local inhabitants. Fear that British Agents will instill hostility...
July 27, 1790 Indian Attacks Henry Knox Beverley Randolph Discussed types of depredations committed by the Shawnee and Cherokee banditti and notified Randolf of presidential authorization for the governor of the Western Territories to capture the offenders. Believed that defense of Western Territories couldn't be complete as long as the offending Indians resided on the land "between the lakes and the Ohio [river]". Details of plans for capture and...
September 20, 1795 Division of Land and Peace Treaty Anthony Wayne Timothy Pickering Transmitted by Col. O'Hara the original treaty between U.S. and all hostile tribes from North West of the Ohio river. Details on Indian tribes being detained by British and land jobbers. Discussed details of new boundaries and division of land among trading companies from Detroit.
July 17, 1790 Circular to the Lieutenants of the Counties to Cease Use of Scouts Henry Knox [not available] Letter from Henry Knox, Secretary of War, to the lieutenants of various counties in Pennsylvania, Virginia and Kentucky directing them to replace scouts with small group of rangers. It also includes detailed instructions on how to document the authorization, use, and pay of said rangers.
November 9, 1794 Hostile Indians on frontier William Winchester William Blount Colonel Winchester writes Governor William Blount of Southwest Territory, beginning his letter by stating: "The Indians continue their depredations as usual." One individual (Evan Watkins) was shot and scalped, with a tomahawk sticking in his skull. Frontier folk in the region are complaining: "They say, if Congress knew their deplorable situation, and have the feelings of men, they would not...
July 29, 1790 Measures for the Protection of the Frontier Henry Knox Lieutenant of the County of Mason, Kentucky Knox discusses defensive measures for the protection of the frontier.
July 4, 1795 Supply of Troops and Discussion of Treaty with Great Britain Timothy Pickering Anthony Wayne Transmitted letter pertaining to family of officer held prisoner by Indian tribe. Enclosed copy of newspaper containing treaty negotiated with British by Mr. Jay. Chickasaw and Chocktaw chiefs arrived at War Office seeking protection from Creek Nation and possibly seeking supplies from U.S. government. Discussed usability of hats provided by military for troops, has submitted for additional...