Viewing 1–25 of 1,083 documents: "Western Confederacy"

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
September 14, 1788 Arrival of Senecas; preemptive attack; on the efficiency of a general Indian confederacy Arthur St. Clair Henry Knox General Butler arrived with 51 Senecas, including Cornplanter and Halftown. Six Nations desires peace. Discusses application made, in conjunction with Guysatha, for release of Chipewa prisoners. Suggests that war with Western tribes is inevitable. Discusses possibility of decisive military stroke, simultaneously and at multiple locations. Suggests that in the wake of such attacks, Indians would...
October 28, 1791 Letter from the Reverend Samuel Kirkland to Secretary of War Henry Knox on reaction of Western Confederacy following General St. Clair's defeat and a report on Captain Brant Reverend Samuel Kirkland Henry Knox Letter from the Reverend Samuel Kirkland to Secretary of War Henry Knox describes his journey through western Massachusetts and New York. Kirkland, responding to a request from Knox, provides intelligence on the Indian reaction to the defeat of General Arthur St. Clair in November 1791, known as Battle of Wabash River. According to a Captain Engersoll who was at Niagara when he heard of St....
August 16, 1793 Message to Assembled Chiefs at Rapids of Miami River Timothy Pickering [not available] Copies of transactions sent to Chiefs of Western Indian Nations, Commissioners expressed disappointment that a peace treaty could not be reached.
June 7, 1793 British Assistance to American Commissioners during Sandusky Treaty Talks with Western Indians Lieutenant General John Graves Simcoe General Clarke Assistance offered by British for peace negotiations with Western Indians.
July 14, 1788 Arrival of different chiefs at Detroit River and endeavors of Colonel Brant, Chief of Mohawks General Butler Arthur St. Clair Eighty chiefs of different tribes met at Detroit River. Are waiting arrival of Colonel Brant and Chiefs of Five Nations with anxiety. Possibility that Brant, chief of Mohawks is endeavoring to form Indian confederacy against Americans.
September 1795 Indian Speech at Treaty Negotiations Between Iroquois & State of New York Unknown Iroquois Chief [not available] Discusses Indian land claims in the state of New York; says that certain members of the Iroquois Confederacy were expected to attend, but did not. Appears to conclude with the suggestion of an additional meeting in Albany in winter of 1795.
January 5, 1792 Letter from the Reverend Samuel Kirkland to Secretary of War Henry Knox on arrival at Oneida with a number of Oneida Chiefs, dissent between Western Confederacy and Six Nations, St. Clair's defeat, meeting of Chiefs at Philadelphia, and condition of Captain Brant Reverend Samuel Kirkland Henry Knox Kirkland informs Knox of arrival at Oneida with a number of Oneida Chiefs, conducted back from Albany New York. Captain John and Peter Asequitte set out with Colonel Pickering's invitation speech for Buffaloe Creek. Defeat of St. Clair's army has alarmed the Senekas and Six Nations. Message sent to Senekas and Captain Brant from Western Confederacy on intentions to visit Six Nations and desire...
August 21, 1793 Failed Attempts to Reach a Peace Agreement Commissioners for Indian Affairs in the Northern Department Henry Knox The Commissioners describe their attempts to reach a peace agreement that ultimately ended in failure.
January 19, 1792 Letter from Reverend Samuel Kirkland to Secretary of War Henry Knox from Kanandaique on the Indian delegation to Congress; meeting at house of General Israel Chapin Reverend Samuel Kirkland Henry Knox Written from Kanandaique within 38 miles of Big Tree's Town on the Genesee River, Kirkland reports his arrival with the Oneida Chiefs. Reports of planned meeting at house of General Israel Chapin to acquaint chiefs of his business and express peaceable intentions of Congress and the President of United States General George Washington and readiness of congress to fulfill all promises of Six...
May 5, 1786 Intelligence from the Western Frontier Henry Knox General William Irvine Knox thanks Irvine for referring officers to him with recent information from the western frontier and he asks for any additional information that Irvine can gather. He briefly mentions the lack of intelligence concerning British intentions to evacuate the western Army forts.
October 10, 1793 No Further Claims are to be Admitted Joseph Brandt Six Nations of Indians Mohawk leader Joseph Brandt addresses the Council at Buffalo Creek and observes that the council at Niagara seemed to be headed toward peace until messengers from the Creek Nation arrived with charges that white people were encroaching on the land of the Confederacy. Brandt recommends that the lands already settled by whites be surrendered with the understanding that no further claims are to be...
July 27, 1792 Procedure for Advances in Western Territory Samuel Hodgdon Isaac Craig Mr. Lanclive left for Philadelphia on previous day on return to Western Territory. Mr. Colesworthy made a mistake in accounting. Describes procedures for future conduct of transactions in the "Western world."
July 31, 1793 Speech Regarding Possession of Land and Past Treaties with Indian Confederacy Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky Deputies of the Confederation of Indian Nations Commissioners agreed the boundary line set at the Treaty of Fort Stanwix between the Indians and the British colonies was the Ohio River, but future treaties ceded tracts of land to the U.S. and therefore they could not remove settlers from the land.
January 18, 1789 Report on the Treaty of Fort Harmar Arthur St. Clair Henry Knox Reports that the business related to the Treaty of Fort Harmar has finished. They have renewed their former engagements; that is the Six Nations, Wyandots, Chippewas, Delawares, Pottawatamies, and Sacs. They seem well satisfied. States that one good consequence is that the confederacy is broken and Joseph Brant has lost his influence. River is presently frozen and communications by water cut off....
January 27, 1792 Letter from the Reverend Samuel Kirkland to Secretary of War Henry Knox on urgency of Six Nations delegation to Philadelphia; efforts to derail the delegation's visit; effect of the defeat of General St. Clair's Army Reverend Samuel Kirkland Henry Knox Kirkland advises Knox that the proposed delegation from Six Nations should go to Philadelphia as soon as possible. Great efforts made vicinity of Niagara to prevent delegation, including Farmer's Brother and Fish Carrier from attending. Some friendly to Americans fear that defeat of General St. Clair's army would kindle such wrath that there would never be peace. Some consider victory over St....
August 13, 1793 Ownership of Land West of the Ohio River Chiefs and Warriors Council of Indian Nations at Rapids of Miami River Commissioners Official document from Confederacy of Indian Nations. Land ceded by a few chiefs of the Confederacy did not validate the U.S. claims to the land west of the Ohio River. Indians will not sell their lands, instead they tell the U.S. to give the money to the poor settlers so they can move off the land.
April 3, 1792 Speech: Negotiations for Peace with Indians James Wilkinson [not available] Wilkinson negotiates peace with Indian Nations of the Western frontier; states war would only be brought about by Indians actions, United States wants only peace.
December 18, 1786 Speech of United Indian Nations to Congress Chiefs of Wabash and Illinois Tribes [not available] The Indians are disappointed that they were not included in peace accord with Great Britain; wanted lasting peace. Indians excluded from meetings held regarding peace and property rights, desire future peace be reached with a united voice of the confederacy.
July 17, 1792 Letter from the Reverend Samuel Kirkland to Secretary of War Henry Knox on effect of cold weather and snow; influence of Western Confederacy; Captain Brant; whereabouts of General St. Clair's field book and papers; white participation against St.Clair's Army; British operations vicinity Lake Erie Reverend Samuel Kirkland Henry Knox Letter, describes journey of Indian delegation and effect of cold weather and snow on the older chiefs. Reports that Indians much alarmed by present situation in aftermath of defeat of General St. Clair and his Army. They are divided in opinions on which course to take. If Western Confederacy pursue war, will push Brant and Buffalo to take a decided part. Brant was sent scalps from the Battle...
July 8, 1792 Putnam's Report on the Western Indians Rufus Putnam Henry Knox In a detailed report, General Putnam recommends that many of the western tribes can be rendered neutral by careful negotiation and presents and the hostile tribes can be intimidated by a large show of force near Lake Erie.
March 21, 1799 Request for Issue of Medicine for Western Army James McHenry John Harris Directs shipment of medicine earmarked for "the Western Army."
February 28, 1797 Supplying the Troops at the Western Posts Oliver Wolcott, Jr. James McHenry Wolcott wants to know the supplies that will be required at each of the western posts so he requires information on the number of men stationed at each post and the number of rations (specifying whether salted or fresh) to be deposited in advance.
April 3, 1792 Instructions to Capt. Alexander Trueman Henry Knox Alexander Trueman The Secretary at War orders Captain Trueman to repair directly to the Miami village to deliver the President's desire for peace in a speech to the Indians. Captain Trueman is to attempt to convince the Chiefs to visit Philadelphia.
March 25, 1794 Explains Accounts for the Western Territory James O'Hara Henry Knox Response to request to Quartermaster for shipment of supplies to Western Territory.
July 10, 1793 Indians' Diversionary Tactics Anthony Wayne Henry Knox Wayne frets that a confederacy of southern and northern Indians is forming to enforce the Indians' boundary demands. Meanwhile the treaty negotiations are merely a diversion while the Indians prepare for war.