Viewing 1–25 of 136 documents: "Shawanese"

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
October 14, 1799 Indian Affairs are in a Critical Situation Arthur St. Clair James McHenry Governor St. Clair discusses recent conferences with several Shawanese chiefs and with the Wyandots; He is concerned that these tribes may soon break off relations with the United States.
November 15, 1786 On the Killing of Shawanese King Melanthy, General Clarke's Expedition, Surveying Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Colonel Logan's expedition burned seven Shawanese towns, took scalps and prisoners. Melanthy, the Shawanese King, was killed. Harmar laments that he was a friend of United States. There are reports that 400 men have deserted from General Clarke's expedition. Surveying business with Captain Hutchins goes on, but accompanying troops are ill equipped for winter operations. Requests new clothing.
March 16, 1793 Request for Interpreter of Shawanese and Delaware tongue Henry Knox Isaac Craig Knox asks about a man at Fort Pitt, who was an excellent interpreter of Shawanese and perhaps Delaware tongue. Hodgdon forgot his name. He serves as boat pilot on Ohio River. Knox wants to employ this man under the commissioners holding treaty at Sandusky.
November 18, 1793 Update on Shawanese and Request for Help Anthony Wayne Chiefs of the Chickasaw Nation Update on interactions with Shawaneses, request for help from Chickasaw Nation in the spring.
July 10, 1787 Report of the Secretary at War to Congress. Henry Knox Congress of the United States Knox refers to depredations most probably committed by the Shawanese and Wabash Indians and says that this matter demands the attention of the government. The strong hand of government must keep the whites and savages a certain distance apart. Number of troops is inadequate. Requests 1500 men, establishment of a chain of forts, and efforts to establish a treaty with Shawanese and Wabash,...
May 3, 1793 William Wilson, interpreter of Delaware and Shawanese tongues Henry Knox Isaac Craig Interpreter Wilson was supposed to be at Philadelphia, but he has not arrived, nor is there any word. Commissioners have commenced journey and will rendezvous at Niagara. Very important that Wilson be there. He should repair to Buffaloe Creek. Furnish him with advance of money. If Wilson cannot be found, find someone as suitable, such as Joseph Nicholson.
October 21, 1794 Taken prisoner by Shawanese James Neill Henry Knox The author was a pack-horseman at Fort Recovery aged 17 years and taken prisoner by the Shawanese Indians, along with two others. Neill was then taken to a British fort at the Miami, then to Detroit and Michilimackinac. 1,500 Indians and whites were involved in the attack of Fort Recovery.
June 26, 1794 Examination of two Shawanese warriors Alexander Gibson Unknown Recipient Examination of two Shawanese warriors, taken prisoners on the Miami of the lake, twenty miles above Grand Glaize just a few days before.
September 13, 1794 Attack from Creek Nation R. J. Waters John Easten Doctor Waters writes that a "very formidable invasion" by the Creek Nation is nearly certain, and will consist of at least 900 men, aimed at attacking western settlements in the Cumberland region. The doctor allegedly received this information from a Shawanese.
August 10, 1799 Alarm amongst the inhabitants on account of the Indians... Arthur St. Clair James McHenry St. Clair chronicles the response of the western settlers to the possibility of Indian incursions. It appears that the Shawanese are themselves apprehensive about being attacked by the Chickasaws and by an army of whites.
December 3, 1788 Correspondence with Six Nations and Cornplanter Arthur St. Clair Henry Knox Discusses the sending and receiving of correspondence with Six Nations of Indians. Cornplanter reports that he is on his way and asks for patience. Discusses the activities of Joseph Brant. The Shawanese, Delawares, and Miamis are said to be at hand.
July 20, 1786 Report of Mr. Philip Liebert regarding intentions of the savages Philip Liebert [not available] Liebert was ordered by Major Doughty to pass through the Delaware and Shawnee towns on the Miami and at Sandusky. Shawanese not disposed to peace. The Delawares and Wyandots were more kind and friendly.
July 9, 1793 Remarks of Federal Commissioners and Indian Chiefs at Sandusky Conference Captain Joseph Brant [not available] Council convened on 9 July 1793 at Navy Hall Niagara. Captain Brant, interpreter furnished opening remarks of good will and conducted ceremony with strings and belts. Chiefs state that the Western Indians are of one mind, and if they can agree with whites, peace may ensue. Prior treaties were not binding because they did not account for all the tribes as one. Chief then provide the nations in...
September 2, 1790 Campaign Against Wabash Indians Henry Knox Beverley Randolph St. Clair's plan for campaign against Wabash approved by President, all materials afforded. Jealousy among militia and regular troops and consequences outlined. It is thought proper for political reasons to give the expedition the appearance of being leveled at the Shawanese.
June 26, 1793 Response to Indian Violence Henry Knox William Blount Knox notes that Blount's decision to order protection of Cumberland settlements was proper. Cannot determine the effect of the outrages of the lower Creeks in Georgia. Mentions that Indian Agent for Creeks James Seagrove had different expectations. Georgia Governor has ordered militia into service, but largely for defensive purposes. Expresses disappointment that Creeks succumbed to impulses of...
August 8, 1793 Journal entry regarding disposition of proceedings of Indian Council at Miami relative to peace and war Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky [not available] Captain Hendrick's men report that the Indian Council at Miami is for peace, with exception of Shawanese, Wyandots, Miamis and Delawares, who eventually yielded to the peaceful opinions of others. Commissioners should receive invitation from confederated nations to meet council at mouth of Miami River this week
August 9, 1793 Journal entry on prospects for peace from Council at Miami River Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky Henry Knox Some Munsee and Chippewas came to see the Commissioners from United States. Report that chiefs want peace. Some are going home. Some want peace so they can return to hunting without fear or interruption. Captain Bunbury [British escort for the Commissioners], said that one of the Indians that arrived on this day is an Ottawa. This Indian said the Shawanese and others were strong for war and will...
February 15, 1793 Dangerous Consequences to the Frontiers Jacob Townshend William Blount Townsend reports on the treaty negotiations with the Creeks of the lower towns which are complicated by the machinations of the Shawanese chiefs and William Bowles.
May 14, 1791 Washington Should Hold Back His Warriors Farmer Brother the King [not available] Farmer Brother entreats the Americans to distinguish between those Indians, like the Six Nations, who want peace and the bad Indians who want war. If the Americans will delay their attacks, he pledges to try to convince the warlike Indians to accept peace.
May 27, 1793 Request for white wampum and qualified Delaware and Shawanese interpreters Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky Isaac Craig Federal commissioners advise Major Craig they have dispatched Six Nations interpreter Jasper Parrish to Philadelphia to procure white wampum. They ask Craig to dispatch 40 to 50,000 white wampum. They reiterate request for Delaware and Shawanese interpreters to support the Treaty at Sandusky Ohio.
August 28, 1794 Examination of Antoine Lassell Unknown Author Unknown Recipient Examination of Antoine Lassell, a native of Canada, and a volunteer in Captain Caldwell's company of refugees, friends and allies of the hostile Indians. Lassell reports the numbers of various Indian tribes, including the Delawares, Miamies, Shawanese, Tawas, and Wyandots.
May 17, 1793 Boats for Brigadier General Posey; Interpreters to New York for Treaty Commissioners Isaac Craig Henry Knox Will have boat fitted for General Posey. Major Hughes and detachment embarked for Fort Washington. Mr. William Williams set of for Niagara via Fort Franklin and Buffaloe Creek. Sylvester Ash will accompany Mr. Wilson to act as assistant interpreter. Has equipped Mr. Wilson with horses, saddles, and money.
December 6, 1792 Report on the Council with the Hostile Western Tribes Henry Knox George Washington Knox reports to the President on the council held between the chiefs of the Six Nations and the chiefs of the hostile western tribes.
May 26, 1793 Letter from Federal Commissioners Sandusky Treaty requesting interpreters and white wampum [money] Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky Isaac Craig From Niagara, Commissioners have no information on whereabouts of William Wilson or James Rankin, interpreters for Delaware and Shawanese languages; and inquire on whereabouts of white wampum. They write to Major Craig at Pittsburg noting that it is of highest importance that they have their interpreters. Ask Craig to urge Wilson to come. If Rankin cannot come, find another competently skilled in...
April 11, 1793 Meeting at Sandusky Delayed McKee Major Littlehales The proposed meeting of the Indian chiefs and the Commissioners will take place at Sandusky. However, the date appointed by the US is too early for the Indians, who will not return from their wintering grounds before the end of May. The meeting therefore should be moved back to accommodate the Indians' schedules. The Commissioners should be accommodated at Niagara until the Chiefs are ready.