Viewing 1–25 of 565 documents: "Lower Towns"

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
June 17, 1793 Intelligence from the Lower Towns Secretary Smith Major King Smith has written letters to John Watts, Double-head, the Hanging Maw, and Edward Adair and asks Major King to obtain whatever intelligence he can from the Lower towns respecting what they intend to do.
August 13, 1792 Horse Stealing by Indians of Lower Towns Leonard Shaw William Blount Describes horse stealing by Indians near Estanaula and the talks surrounding stopping the acts. Believed it too dangerous for a white man to travel between towns for fear of being hijacked. Mentioned Spanish intentions of supplying ammunition to the lower towns.
October 9, 1792 Cherokee Declaration of War Henry Knox William Blount Received letter from Blount which contained proclamation of war on U.S. by the five lower Cherokee towns which is perplexing along with failed negotiations, violence, and leadership of the nations by J. Watts. Advised calling up militia and confining operations to defensive measures until Congress convenes. Requested Blount send an expedition to upper Creek towns to request that their banditti...
September 7, 1792 Indians Declare War James Carey William Blount Too deadly to travel with news from Little Turkey, therefore Carey entrusted letter to Indian who will carry to Hanging Maw's. Notification that the five lower towns have declared war on U.S., advised Blount to be on guard against attacks.
September 13, 1792 Indians Turning Away from Spanish James Seagrove Henry Knox Political alliances with Eufath discussed. Seagrove believes Indians have turned away from Spanish and will ally with United States. Noted the lower towns, which had previously supported Bowles, now support U.S. with assistance of Kinnard.
February 12, 1793 Depredations in Mero District William Blount Henry Knox The depredations in Mero District appear to have been committed by the Creeks with the aid of the lower Cherokees. John McKee has been dispatched to meet with the chiefs of the lower towns with the mission of reestablishing peace. He has been given Indian articles to present to the chiefs to persuade them of his good intentions.
May 13, 1793 James Seagrove to the Kings, Chiefs, and Headmen of the Cussetah Town, and all others of the Lower Towns of Creek Nation James Seagrove [not available] Addresses the Cussetah as good friends. Some towns are like them; others are guilty of bad things. Expects to see murderers [from Traders Hill incident] turned over to him; or at least wants to hear they are dead. This is the only way to preserve peace. Does not blame Cussetahs, but as great mother town, should be more insistent to the others. Sent a strong talk via George Galphin. If there is...
October 30, 1794 Destruction of Lower Cherokee Towns Henry Knox Bartholomew Dandridge Secretary Knox requests that Mr. Dandridge submit to President Washington the enclosed letter from Governor William Blount of Southwest Territory, regarding the destruction of two lower Cherokee towns, Running Water and Nickajack.
November 1, 1794 Peace with Lower Cherokee William Blount Benjamin Logan After having corresponded with Double-head, Chief of the Cherokees, Governor William Blount of Southwest Territory orders that General Benjamin Logan immediately desist from attempts to invade Lower Cherokee towns, who are in a state of peace with the United States. Rogue elements of the military had previously destroyed the friendly Cherokee towns of Nickajack and Running Water.
June 14, 1787 Speech of the Lower Creek chiefs the Hallowing King of the Cowetas and Fat King of Cussetahs. [not available] [not available] Beloved man from Congress was here. Mr McGillivray came over here and matters were settled. Expected that Mr. White would inform the State of Georgia. You always promised that the innocent should not suffer for the guilty. We knew nothing of these bad people or the mischief of the upper towns. Had a meeting with northern Indians lately. Told them we had settled matters with Virginians and could...
October 27, 1792 Violence from Indians Henry Knox James Seagrove Conveyed disposition of Indian towns with details about each town and tribe. Urgently requests Seagrove to impress upon chiefs a council to restrain young men that are committing violent acts.
November 1, 1794 Illegal attack on Lower Cherokee towns William Blount Colonel Whitley Governor William Blount of Southwest Territory discusses General Benjamin Logan's illegal invasion of Lower Cherokee towns, who are at peace with the United States. Blount calls this action an "illegal and unauthorized enterprise," states that "he has no legal authority for so doing." Blount claims that his "feelings of humanity" should compel him to desist.
September 6, 1794 Campaign against Creeks and Cherokees General Robertson Major Ore General Robertson informs Major Ore that he is to defend the district of Mero against a large party of Creeks and Cherokees of the Lower towns. Ordered to "destroy the Lower Cherokee towns... taking care to spare women and children, and to treat all prisoners, who may fall into your hands, with humanity, and thereby teach those savages to spare the citizens of the United States, under similar...
October 24, 1794 Destruction of Cherokee towns William Blount Henry Knox Letter from the Governor of Southwest Territory to the Secretary of War, regarding the destruction of two hostile lower Cherokee towns (Running Water and Nickajack).
November 1, 1794 Illegal attack on Cherokee William Blount Double-head Letter from William Blount, Governor of Southwest Territory, to Double-head, Chief of the Lower Cherokees. Blount warns Double-head that General Logan of Kentucky has raised a "large army of volunteers, unauthorized by Government, to invade and destroy the Lower Cherokee towns." General Logan's reasoning behind the illegal attack is that the Lower towns have provoked violence on the frontier, and...
March 19, 1793 Report on Cherokee Grievances James Carey William Blount Carey compares the ill treatment of the Cherokees by the government with the favorable treatment of the Lower Creeks who had a good man to represent them.
November 1, 1794 Enclosed letters on the Lower Cherokees William Blount General James Robertson William Blount, Governor of Southwest Territory, encloses copies of his letters to Colonel Whitley and General Benjamin Logan, regarding the illegal attacks on Lower Cherokee towns. The governor is quite upset about these rogue actions, as the Cherokee - and in particular, their principal chief Double-head - are in a state of peace with the United States.
July 29, 1793 Letter from James Seagrove Indian Agent, to Kings, Chiefs, of the Cussetah and all other friends of United States in the Lower Creek Towns James Seagrove Chiefs of the Cussetahs From Savannah, James Seagrove addresses the Kings and Chiefs of the Cussetahs and all other friends of United States in lower Creek Towns. Some of those Indians detained at Seagrove's house have since run away. Expresses disappointment that they left. They were well taken care of. The remaining detainees Seagrove sends via Mordecai and Townsend as a demonstration of good faith. Speaks of death...
April 8, 1793 From Tuchabachee: Letter from Mad Dog, The White Lieutenant, David Cornell, Alexander Cornell, Mr Weathorford, and thirteen headmen of Upper Creeks [not available] James Seagrove The authors pledge agreement with James Seagrove's talk. Authors note that they did not listen to northern Indians; do not want to shed any white people's blood. Once went to war against Cumberland people, but since Seagrove's talk don't intend to go to war. Mad Dog's brother and nephew went into Chickasaw leader's house and killed them both. Tried to keep peace with all colors, but they...
June 29, 1787 To the Head-Men and Warriors of the Lower Creeks. [not available] Headmen and Warriors of Lower Creeks Author, possibly indian agent, expresses desire for peace and regrets loss of life caused by white warriors. Warns against any hostilities against whites. Will not hold lower Creeks accountable of transgressions of Upper Creeks. Mentions Mr Barnard and Mr Galphin and Treaty at Shoulderbone and Alexander McGillivray.
September 11, 1792 Declaration of War by Cherokees William Blount Henry Knox Just received declaration of war against United States by the five lower towns of the Cherokees. Regiment of Knox County ordered into service for the defense of white settlements. Declaration of war was unexpected, Cherokees claimed violation of treaty of Holstein.
September 14, 1792 Approved Roads for Travel William Blount Little Turkey the Glass, Bloody Fellow and John Watts have stopped the party of warriors from the five lower towns from waging war against the United States. Blount notified Little Turkey that he would erect block houses in "this district" and in Cumberland for the protection of the white settlers. Advised any Indians traveling to U.S. lands use Maj. Craig's public roads to prevent mistaken identity as...
September 2, 1792 Indian Relations and Settler Unrest John Thompson William Blount Attempts to persuade Blount that the Spaniards are behind Creek hostilities and murder against white settlers, and that the peaceful towns will "do their part" in keeping the peace. Thompson asked on behalf of peaceful Indians if it is safe to remain in their towns for fear of attacks from white settlers. Requests letter be burned after it is received.
September 13, 1792 Misunderstanding of Talks William Blount Glass Glad to hear chiefs sent young warriors from the five lower towns back home after they had declared war on United States. Blount planned to keep some soldiers at block houses along the border to protect white settlers from hostile Creeks. Believed there was a misunderstanding of Gen. Robertson's speech given to Codeatoy, and the beating of White Man-Killer by white people.
April 14, 1793 Creek War on the Mero District; the Cherokees Favor Peace William Blount General Robertson It is apparent that the Creeks intend to make war on the Mero District but Blount hopes that the company ordered to the frontier will be able to repulse them. No attack on the lower Cherokee towns should be authorized because the Cherokees appear sincere in their desire for peace.