Viewing 1–25 of 2,763 documents: "Indian traders"

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
April 26, 1800 Modern Printed Transcription of Letter/Document, James McHenry to Arthur St. Clair James McHenry Arthur St. Clair Discussed trade with Indians and receipt of licenses by traders. Traders should be restricted to certain towns, as decided by the most senior and influential chief. It should be forbidden that the traders accompany the Indians to their hunting grounds. Secretary of War endorsed this proposal.
May 1, 1790 Indian Attacks Arthur St. Clair Henry Knox St. Clair mentioned Miami Nation hostilities and alliance with British traders. Advised punishment of hostile Indians for their depredations on frontier settlers and the raids on the Ohio river.
January 27, 1800 Appropriate Response to Indian Plunder Arthur St. Clair James McHenry Mr. Smith wrote St. Clair requesting partial stoppage to the annuity due the Potowatamie Indians because of their assault on him while he descended the Wabash River. If the Indians do not provide adequate compensation, St. Clair asks for orders on how to proceed.
August 7, 1786 An Ordinance for the Regulation of Indian Affairs Congress of the United States [not available] Rules governing Indian Department, trade with Indian Nations,
August 16, 1799 Indian trade and dependence on the United States James McHenry Oliver Wolcott, Jr. Asks the Treasury Secretary to withhold from further communication with Congressman Robert Harper on the subject of establishing a trading house among the Creek Nation, until he has additional time to speak with him about it. States that small traders are more likely to be dependent upon the Indians than traders with large amounts of capital. Concludes by stressing the point that he does not want...
March 23, 1793 Circular letter to the chiefs of the Upper and Lower Creeks regarding murder of white settlers at Traders Hill James Seagrove [not available] In this circular, sent to twenty of the principal chiefs of the upper and lower Creeks, Seagrove refers to a murder of white settlers at Traders Hill store St Marys. He expresses disappointment that the incident may upset the peace. Emphasizes that President of United States and Seagrove consider Creeks a friend of United States. Asks that chiefs use their leadership and influence to preserve...
April 20, 1793 Report from James Holmes to Creek Indian Agent James Seagrove on aftermath of robbery and murder at Trader Hill St Marys James Holmes James Seagrove Reports that the county is in as a convulsed a state as possible. Majority of Head Men want peace and are willing to satisfy James Seagrove's demands. Was advised not to proceed further than Cussetah because some Indians intend to do mischief on the Oconnee. Scalps brought in; Cussetahs making examples of those who did mischief at Traders Hill. Believes that Galphin and Upton will be turned over....
April 22, 1793 Letter from Georgia Governor Telfair to Secretary of War Henry Knox on Seagrove's accounts, Creek disavowals, President Washington's policies, and arms and ammunition Governor Edward Telfair Henry Knox Telfair looks at Seagrove's accounts with skepticism, for it is the policy of the Creek nation to disavow all murders and depredations. He does not expect the murderers from the incident at Traders Hill at St Marys to be turned over to Seagrove. Perhaps at best, some of the property will be returned. Looks to the President of the United States to take serious measure of this situation. He will...
April 17, 1793 Letter from Major Henry Gaither to Secretary of War Henry Knox on the robbery and murder at Traders Hill St Marys Henry Gaither Henry Knox Recounting murder and robbery at Traders Hill St Marys, Gaither notes that Indian Agent James Seagrove demands murderers and all involved. This demand is dividing the Creek nation. Timothy Bernard advises Gaither to stay on guard. Gaither has written to General Clark and other militia officers. Encloses Bernard's letter.
June 5, 1788 Indians Seeking Peace Prince of Notoly Andrew Pickens Chota Indians left their towns and land so the Creeks and White People can fight among themselves.
August 17, 1799 On the subject of Indian trade Oliver Wolcott, Jr. James McHenry Wolcott writes on the subject of Indian trade, insisting that public establishments are nuisances and that abuses occur under this system. Wolcott argues that the interest and policy of government requires that Indian trade should rest principally in the hands of a few men of capital, because the public cannot safely advance certain articles of trade on credit.
May 24, 1793 Deposition on Spanish Complicity in Robbery & Murder at Traders Hill St Marys George Galphin [not available] George Galphin [presumably the son of wealthy trader of same name who died 1790] states that he was at house of John Kinnard at Hutcheta when James Burges, Indian trader, was accused by Kinnard of complicity in the murder and robbery at Traders Hill. Burges denied involvment and went on to state that some Indians had told him they had come from Pensacola, sent by the governor and William Panton,...
June 14, 1793 Giving up the Murderers and Robbers at Traders Hill St. Marys [not available] James Seagrove On behalf of upper Creeks, letter from Tuckabachee. Authors acknowledge receipt of talks from Mr. McDonald. Refer to Spaniard talks to be held on Tuckabachees on 12 June. The headmen of both upper and lower Creeks have agreed to kill the perpetrators of robbery and murder at Traders Hill St Marys, and will notify Seagrove via Weatherford when completed. It will take time because of Indian...
January 2, 1797 Expresses Concern about Indian Trade Edward Price James McHenry Announces arrival from Savannah. Expresses concern for Indians at Colerain waiting for supplies under Colonel Hawkins. Fears for the Indian trade.
June 23, 1793 Commitment to Peace with the United States Chief White Lieutenant James Seagrove Dispatch from White Lieutenant or Tuskena Atca, for himself and the Upper Creek Towns, to James Seagrove Creek Indian Agent, interpreted and delivered by Stephen Sullivan. White Lieutenant pledges his commitment to peace with United States and will comply with demands to turn over the perpetrators of robbery and murder at Traders Hill St Marys. Asks for patience and understanding. Reminds...
January 31, 1797 License to trade with the Indians Benjamin Hawkins Constant Freeman Hawkins reports that two traders wish to obtain licenses to trade with the Indians in the South.
May 27, 1793 Failure to meet demands in aftermath of robbery and murder at Traders Hill, St Marys James Seagrove [not available] Seagrove expresses disappointment that the friendly leadership of the Creeks has not been able to hand over the culprits involved in the murder and robbery at Traders Hill at St Marys. Warns them that to make enemies with United States spells ruin for Creek Nation. Creeks cannot expect mercy when acting such as this. Seagrove is heartened by the good conduct of so many Creeks; such towns will...
June 12, 1793 Detention of Indian Prisoners, Suspicious Indian Activity, and Party Politics James Seagrove James Jackson Seagrove reports to Major General Jackson of Georgia militia that he has detained some Indians on suspicion of mischief. Scouts have found tracks that may suggest Indian movement or preparations to commit harm. One Indian prisoner cut his throat at Fort St. Tamany. Have secured one prisoner, a Chehaw, who may have been involved in the murders at Traders Hill. Refers to his actions as possibly...
April 14, 1793 Letter from James Seagrove Creek Indian Agent, to Kings, Chiefs, Headmen and Warriors of whole Creek Nation James Seagrove Creek Chiefs Seagrove recounts the robbery and murder at Traders Hill on St Marys River and reiterates demand to have those who committed crime delivered up, and release of hostage named Upton. Relates that the citizens of United States may not accept anything less than Seagrove's demands. Discusses designs of the whites to involve the Creeks in war in order to destroy the peace. Refers to William Bowles...
April 29, 1793 Conducting the Security of the Frontier in Georgia Henry Knox Henry Gaither In the conduct of Indian affairs, Knox directs Major Gaither "to calm every attempt to raise a storm....and let this idea govern all your conduct" Knox calls the robbery and murder at Traders Hill the actions of marauders and not part of a large design of the Creeks generally. The propriety of calling out militia cavalry and horsemen may be justly questioned. Expresses concern about the expense....
June 20, 1793 Report on Events in Aftermath of Robbery & Murder at Traders Hill St. Marys Timothy Barnard [Bernard] James Seagrove From Flint River Georgia, Bernard report to Seagrove that he has been to Cussetah Towns with David Cornell, head warrior of Tuchabachees. Conclusion was to give satisfaction for robbery and murders at Traders Hill. Men were sent by Cussetahs to kill the perpetrators. Daniel Dourouzeaux, villain who turned Spaniard, at behest of Panton, interfered with the business. Nevertheless, both upper and...
April 8, 1793 From Tuckabachee; letter from Alexander Cornell to Creek Indian Agent James Seagrove on the robbery and murder at St Marys Alexander Cornell James Seagrove Cornell sorry about the mischief done at St Marys [the robbery and murder of whites at Traders Hill at Robert Seagrove's store]. Mad Dog and David Cornell uneasy about what to do. Had high hopes for peace. Mentions great father General Washington. Have thrown away Spaniard's talks; although Creeks friends with Spaniards, do not take talk against United States. There would be peace if everyone...
March 1, 1797 Report on the Creeks Benjamin Hawkins James McHenry Hawkins reports on the situation among the Creeks, their intentions, and their complaints. Also discusses the necessity of regulations for Indian traders
May 1, 1790 Expresses Concern about Miami Hostility; Hopes the US can Protect Frontier Arthur St. Clair Henry Knox Refers to hostility received from the Miamis in conjunction with British traders. Worries that there will be no peaceful resolution and that the U.S. must take action to protect the people of the frontier.
March 15, 1799 Replacing the Dead Factor at Fort Wilkinson James McHenry Edward Wright The President has appointed Edward Wright to the position of Factor of the Indian Store at Fort Wilkinson on the Oconee River. Wright is replacing Edward Price, deceased, whose death was sudden and unexpected. Since it is probable that the affairs of the factory are in a deranged state, Wright is to proceed to Fort Wilkinson without delay.