Viewing 1–25 of 2,904 documents: "Indian Lands"

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
November 28, 1788 Right of Claims Richard Winn Alexander McGillivray Commissioners find it impossible to remove settlers from disputed lands. Admonishes U.S. government for ruining Indian tribes after they helped secure peace for the U.S.
March 1, 1793 Act to Regulate Trade & Intercourse with Indian Tribes Congress of the United States [not available] This is an extract of an Act of Congress that declares that no purchase of Indian lands shall be valid unless pursuant to the Constitution. Therefore, it is illegal for anyone but lawful agents to negotiate treaties for land.
February 10, 1797 Appointment to examine settlements over Indian lands and threats by settlers James McHenry Colonel C. Gordon List of inquiries to be made to ascertain the hostility of settlers. Gordon reports that the people over the lines of the Indian lands have given some serious threats against the government and seem disposed to make some resistance in defense of their lands.
June 3, 1784 Boundaries of the United States and Indian lands Charles Thomson [not available] Congressional resolution, signed by Secretary Charles Thomson, pertaining to the boundaries of the United States and Indian lands.
June 15, 1785 [Instructions to Indian Commissioners.] Charles Thomson [not available] Outlines method of pursuing a cession of lands by the Indians.
February 18, 1798 Managing the People Removed from Indian Land Thomas Butler Samuel Hodgdon Butler expresses approval of the executive's appointment of commissioners to hold a treaty with the Cherokee Indians. They will be able to make a report on on the lands which the United States may claim. Butler argues that these lands are not worth contending for since all the valuable lands in Tennessee have been covered by warrants. He laments of the share of trouble he has had in managing the...
September 17, 1797 White encroachment on Indian lands James McHenry Thomas Butler Discusses a petition of white settlers demanding the right to settle on Indian lands.
March 16, 1798 Seeks Instruction on Legal Operation of Indian Land James McHenry James Wilkinson Refers to operation of laws and settlement for Indian lands. Seeks protection of US lands.
July 16, 1798 Settlements on Indian Lands Benjamin Hawkins James McHenry Hawkins has proceeded up the river, along with two commissioners from Georgia, and they are in agreement about his statement. They have found that some families are living on Indian land. Although they seem like decent people, he has told them that they cannot plant crops and that they should like to move come spring.
January 2, 1797 Settlers on the Indian Lands David Henley James McHenry CITATION Only. Cited in McHenry to Henley, 02/10/1797 in which McHenry directs Henley to send spies among the whites who have illegally settled on Indian lands. Also discusses Army affairs in Tennessee
September 10, 1795 Official Statement of Situation Between St. Regis [Iroquois] Indians & New York, Affirmation of Wadsworth as U.S. Commissioner, & Law Under Which the Treaty is to Be Made Timothy Pickering Jeremiah Wadsworth Certificate of commissioner. Describes treaty situation -- the President has determined to hold a treaty with the St. Regis & other Indians claiming lands in northern New York, to allow negotiations between the Indians and the state to determine compensation for those lands -- and notifies any reader of Wadsworth's official appointment to hold this treaty, as commissioner. States that the...
February 2, 1789 Accounts of those who have designs on Indian lands Joseph Martin Henry Knox Martin describes efforts by a convention of people to enter into resolves to raise men to defend themselves outside of the authority of the North Carolina legislature. Mentions a certain Alexander Outlaw as the leader. Corntassel has thought it best to burn the towns of the culprits, by which means they would return to their allegiance. So great a thirst for Indian lands prevails that every...
September 1, 1795 Cession of Indian Lands Timothy Pickering John Jay Letter from the Secretary of War to the Governor of New York, discussion the cession of Indian land to the United States via treaty.
June 24, 1792 Letter Signed, Henry Knox to Thomas Pinckney Henry Knox Thomas Pinckney Enclosed several reports relative to removal of Indian tribes from land desired by the U.S. along with the offers made to them by Maj. Freeman.
February 16, 1793 Outlines Relations with Indians about Truce, Treaty of Fort Harmar, and Borders Henry Knox George Washington Requests that commissioners be informed of all treaties & boundaries with northern and western Indians. Refers to Indian lands ceded or purchased to the U.S., questioning to which tribes the land "belonged" and how to draw appropriate boundaries. Seeks truce between young Indian warriors and United States military for the next five to seven years.
October 10, 1794 Information Regarding Proceedings of the Council at the Big Rock Chiefs of the Wyandots [not available] Verbal communication sent by the Chief of the Wyandols through Enus Khon, a confidential warrior. Rather than long term peace, a truce with the United States was proposed until a council could meet in the spring to discuss terms. It was decided that the British were to guarantee the Indians lands west of the Ohio River if the U.S. did not abandon their forts on the West bank and to fight the...
July 24, 1797 Report of Conference between Comm for US and Indians. Comm US [not available] Record of meeting between Commissioners of Indian Department and other men (names detailed). Topic of land laws and acquisition recorded in detail. Border line dispute effects related.
October 3, 1789 Questions regarding legitimacy of previous treaties between Creeks and Georgia Commissioners for Indian Affairs in Southern Department George Walton Request for information regarding treaties at Augusta, 1783, Galphinton, 1785, and Shoulderbone, 1786. Principal points are whether all lands belonging to the upper and lower Creeks are common property of whole nation, or whether the lands were ceded to Georgia by the three treaties. Were the proprietors of the lands stated to have been ceded to Georgia present or fully represented by the...
October 22, 1796 Speech By Joseph Brant Concerning Indian Lands at Grand River Captain Joseph Brant Claus Entitled "Speech from Captain Jos. Brant to Captain Claus Agent of Indian Affairs for and behalf of the Five nations inhabiting the Grand River, 22 October 1796." Discusses grievances relating to Indian land along the Grand River; apparently after the Revolution the Indians were promised legal protection of their lands there by the British government, which was not given. Accuses the British of...
February 23, 1799 Reinforcement of the Garrison of Detroit James McHenry Alexander Hamilton McHenry encloses letters from several officers and speeches from Indian head-men as well as his response to the speech made in Philadelphia to assist Hamilton in deciding whether the garrison of Detroit, weakened by draughts, should be reinforced.
December 10, 1790 Objections to Obtaining Land from the Wabash Indians Henry Knox George Washington Knox states his objections to St. Clair's proposal to obtain land from the Wabash Indians. He warns that, at this time, obtaining lands from the Wabash would give the people of Georgia, the Yazoo Company, and the Tennessee Company cause for "impeaching the rectitude" of the federal government. Furthermore, he observes that the addition of more land will reduce the profits for which the existing...
February 11, 1793 Indian Land Only Available to the United States Rufus Putnam Henry Knox Putnam assures Knox that neither he nor the Indians at the council at Vincennes ever considered that they had a right to sell their lands to any other power than the United States.
May 18, 1799 Illegal Speculation in Indians Lands, Etc. Alexander Hamilton James McHenry Among a number of matters, McHenry indicts those who have speculated illegally in lands belonging to Indians and then had the audacity to complain to the government when those unlawful actions resulted in acts of hostility by the tribes.
November 25, 1796 Confronting Intruders on Indian Land, Etc. James McHenry Richard Sparks Sparks is directed to assume whatever position on the frontier, or in Indian Country, that he and Mr. Henley feel is best calculated to cover the most exposed and greatest scope of Indian Country. He is to erect the necessary works for the security of his men and place the post in such a position as to be defended in case of attack. As to intruders on Indian land, Sparks will treat them in the...
April 26, 1795 Letter from John Sergeant to Secretary of War Timothy Pickering on the claims of the Nimham Tribe, purchase of Oneida lands and setting out for New Stockbridge New York John Sergeant Jr. Timothy Pickering From John Sergeant, missionary to the Stockbridge Indians, to Timothy Pickering Secretary of War. He discusses pamphlet of the Nimham tribe claiming lands in New York, which he cannot find. Asks who will be the commissioner to make treaty with Indians in upcoming summer. Says that [Captain] Hendricks will attend and will want instructions. He mentions that State of New York has appointed new...