Viewing 1–25 of 1,965 documents: "First intercourse of the Creeks with the White People"

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
1793 Creeks' War with White People John Boggs Hanging Maw Mr. McGillivray is dead and the Creeks are passing by on the way to war. If they make war on white people, it should be on the people of Georgia and not on those of our land.
June 5, 1793 No War with White People or Red People Little Turkey William Blount Little Turkey reports on the visit of the Cherokee head-men to meet with with the head-men of the Northward Indians. Though the Nortwards appear ready to go to war if provoked by incursions on their land, Little Turkey affirmed the disposition of the Cherokees to remain at peace with whites and Indians.
June 5, 1788 Indians Seeking Peace Prince of Notoly Andrew Pickens Chota Indians left their towns and land so the Creeks and White People can fight among themselves.
September 13, 1792 Misunderstanding of Talks William Blount Glass Glad to hear chiefs sent young warriors from the five lower towns back home after they had declared war on United States. Blount planned to keep some soldiers at block houses along the border to protect white settlers from hostile Creeks. Believed there was a misunderstanding of Gen. Robertson's speech given to Codeatoy, and the beating of White Man-Killer by white people.
June 17, 1793 Bad Doings of the Creeks and Cherokees Piamingo General Robertson Piamingo warns Smith of the depredations of the Creeks and Cherokees and wonders why the Americans even bother to treat with Indians that will be at war with them until they are defeated. They have even invited the Chickasaws and Choctaws to join them in a war against the United States.
April 5, 1793 Cumberland Settlers are for Peace Arthur Coody William Blount Coody believes that the Creek Indians are going to war against the Cumberland settlers who seek to convince the Indians that the white people want peace and if the Creeks want war it should be waged against Georgia. It appears also that Mr. McGillivray is dead.
August 6, 1793 The Law of Blood for Blood William Blount Henry Knox Blount and Pickens discuss the dilemma regarding the murders of Cherokees by white marauders. The Cherokees want the perpetrators to be put to death according to their laws but the only way that could be done is following a verdict of guilty by a jury in a trial. But, it will be nearly impossible to find a jury of frontier people who would find white men guilty of killing Indians.
April 8, 1793 From Tuchabachee: Letter from Mad Dog, The White Lieutenant, David Cornell, Alexander Cornell, Mr Weathorford, and thirteen headmen of Upper Creeks [not available] James Seagrove The authors pledge agreement with James Seagrove's talk. Authors note that they did not listen to northern Indians; do not want to shed any white people's blood. Once went to war against Cumberland people, but since Seagrove's talk don't intend to go to war. Mad Dog's brother and nephew went into Chickasaw leader's house and killed them both. Tried to keep peace with all colors, but they...
February 15, 1796 Adopt the Useful Ways of the White People Timothy Pickering Chiefs & Warriors of the Six Nations Pickering advises the Indians to "adopt the useful ways of the white people." He admits that it will not be easy for them to abandon their hunting culture but warns that game is becoming scarce. To quote from the letter: "Brothers, I have often shown you what good things the white people enjoy, and explained how you might enjoy them. You have answered, that what I told you is very good, and that...
April 30, 1791 COPY: Letter of Condolence Regarding Murder at Beaver Creek Arthur St. Clair Delaware Chiefs Assurances of punishment for the murder of Indians by white people, reprimands other bad Indians for "mischief".
May 24, 1787 An Account of the State of Creek Indians James White Henry Knox James White, superintendent of the Southern District, reports that the threatened Creek invasion has subsided. Creeks favorably inclined by the liberal sentiments of commissioners from Congress; although they resent the State of Georgia for their encroachments. Alexander McGillivray claims allegiance to United States, but not Georgia. Strength is about 6000 gunmen; have support from the...
February 20, 1793 Letter from James Seagrove to the Chiefs and Headmen of the Cussetah and Coweta Towns James Seagrove Chiefs and Headmen of Cussetah & Coweta Towns Letter from James Seagrove to the Chiefs and Headmen of the Cussetah and Coweta Towns, dated St. Mary's, 20 Feb. 1793. Seagrove writes to inform the Creek leadership that he will meet with them 1 May; and that the talks from the great father General Washington, President of the United States, are straight and good towards Creeks. Seagrove admonishes Creek leaders not to listen to the northward...
March 22, 1793 A talk delivered by Timothy Bernard to the Indians assembled at the Cussetahs and interpreted by himself Timothy Barnard [Bernard] Indians assembled at Cussetah Timothy Bernard, Indian interpreter gives an address to Indians assembled at Cussetahs at Kinnards Cowpen. Bernard says he has lived many years in this land and took the job as interpreter to serve the county where he has resided most of his life. Warns against the bad talks that will be the ruin of the Creek Nation. These bad talks come from the white people and the Shawnee. Some of the whites...
May 23, 1793 Our Nation is Determined to be at Peace Chiefs of the Cherokees William Blount The Cherokee chiefs offer assurances that, unlike the Creeks, they seek peace with the United States. They do not want to be blamed for any of the Creek depredations.
May 5, 1792 The Stealing of Horses by Southern Indians William Blount Henry Knox Governor William Blount describes for Knox the many instances of horse stealing in the South and the potential for discord that the stealing of white men's horses by southern Indians has produced.
October 7, 1792 Request to Inform Creeks of Meeting with President James Seagrove Chief White Lieutenant Brought up confusion of Creeks caused by "wicked white men" and Seagrove expressed pleasure that the Creeks held fast to U.S. alliance. Informed White Lieutenant that Seagrove will meet all chiefs of the upper towns at the head of the St. Mary's River. Requests White Lieutenant make offer of friendship known to all chiefs.
October 28, 1794 Friendly meeting with James Davidson, Indian chief John McKee William Blount Letter to Governor William Blount of Southwest Territory on a talk with James Davidson, a "distinguished chief from the valleys," with about 450 of his people. Davidson gave him a string of beads, mixed black and white - the white beads representing his people's friendship and alliance with the United States; the black beads representing animosity to the Creek Indians.
August 1, 1792 Desire for Peace Chief White Lieutenant James Seagrove Assurances that the council talks are being debated and that Indians desire peace with U.S. Lack of head man, confusion, and need for a commissary to advise Indians has delayed formal response.
April 1, 1799 Making Amends for the Loss of Kentucky Horses, Etc. John Francis Hamtramck James McHenry Along with a discussion of the opening for navigation of several rivers, Hamtramck explains the measures that should be taken to punish Indians for the theft of a number of horses in Kentucky.
September 22, 1793 Letter from James Seagrove Creek Indian Agent to Governor Telfair on Creek wishes for peace and request that Governor stop Georgia Militia disruptions of peace efforts James Seagrove Governor Edward Telfair Reporting from Fort Fidius on the Oconee, Seagrove says he is receiving expressions of friendship from the Creeks. Peace with the Creeks on terms of equal justice is the policy of the Federal Government and hopefully it is the wish of the people of Georgia. Seagrove says he will leave for the Creek Towns the next day 23 September 1793. Asks that Telfair put a stop to militia interfering with his...
September 15, 1792 Seeking Protection Henry Knox [not available] Acknowledged war was bad, hope to live in peace. Notified Knox that Creeks passed through Cherokee towns, but Cherokees were unable to stop them. Hoped the information on the Creeks travel will assure peaceful Cherokees protection by U.S. from hostile Creeks.
July 27, 1787 Talk of the Fat King to His Honor Governor Mathews of Georgia and his Council [not available] George Mathews Have seen the talk sent by commissary Mr. Barnard. It is the whites who have forgot the talks at Shoulderbone, not the Creeks. Laments the hasty revenges taking place. Cannot be accountable for measures of Upper Towns; they can answer for themselves. Refer to promise made to southern Indian superintendent Mr. White. Make demands for satisfaction, life for life; and equal number for twelve people...
February 24, 1786 Talk of Old Tassel with Governor of Georgia Chief Tosell Governor Edward Telfair Talk of the Cherokee Chief "Old Tossell" (Old Tassel) to the Governor of Georgia asking that he keep John Sevier and his "bad men" from raiding the Cherokee towns. Fear of disturbance from white settlers, who frightened their women and children into the woods and plundered their homes. They seek peace.
June 20, 1793 Do not suffer bad men to injure whites or steal their horses. Secretary Smith Chiefs of the Cherokees Smith warns the Cherokees not to hinder the President's attempts to redress the wrongs committed against them by allowing bad men of their nation to kill whites or steal their horses.
September 18, 1793 Report from Captain Constant Freeman to Henry Knox on Georgia resistance to Seagrove's peace efforts and Seagrove's relationship with the people of Georgia Constant Freeman Henry Knox Freeman suggests that reports of Seagrove in personal danger are exaggerations. Georgia people mad at Seagrove, but would not openly oppose the government. Seagrove believes he is disliked because he is a federal officer and is zealous about achieving peace. Reports that Alexander has 90 men determined to prevent Seagrove from meeting with the Creeks.