Viewing 1–25 of 551 documents: "American Privateers"

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
September 7, 1793 Further Explanation of Federal Policy on the Return of Ships Captured by Illicit French Privateers; Regarding Funds for Connecticut Militia Henry Knox Samuel Huntington Knox further explains the president's decision that American shipowners seeking to have remanded to them ships captured by the "illicit" French privateers [those outfitted in American ports, to the violation of American neutrality] do so in the courts. He also explains that preparations for the payment of the expenses of the Connecticut militia are underway.
August 20, 1793 Regarding American Citizens in Affairs of Prizes Taken by Illegally Equipped French Privateers Henry Knox Samuel Huntington Referring to his contemporaneous letter concerning the return to their owners of ships captured by certain French privateers, Knox transmits Washington's order that any American or neutral citizens caught up in such affairs be referred to American courts, though no such incidents have yet occurred.
February 2, 1797 Late Depredations on American Commerce Timothy Pickering James McHenry Pickering laments deteriorating relations with France whose privateers continue to capture American vessels despite American declarations of neutrality.
August 20, 1796 Cases Involving Foreign Privateers Bringing Prizes into American Ports Oliver Wolcott, Jr. James Read Wolcott discusses the complexities related to the treatment of French vessels who have captured prizes and wish to bring them into American ports. The handling of these cases has significant implications with regard to the neutrality of the United States vis a vis the war between Britain and France.
August 18, 1794 Illicit French Privateers Flouting U.S. Authority to Be Stripped of Military Equipment If Entering U.S. Ports Again Alexander Hamilton Samuel Huntington Explains that the government has suffered much embarrassment from illicit French privateers running from one American port to the next, effectively getting the asylum that was to be denied to them because of their illegality. Transmits the president's new order, that all these privateers be informed that if they enter American ports again they will be stripped of all their military equipment;...
July 1, 1794 Illegal Actions for Belligerent Ship Outfitting in American Ports, to Extend to Neutral Nations & Most American Ships Henry Knox Samuel Huntington Establishes a uniform principle of what outfitting actions taken by belligerent European ships in American ports are illegal. Any alterations to guns or creation of new carriages or portholes are illegal. Describes how a British privateer was made to conform to these rules. To keep neutrals from outfitting privateers for belligerents, these bans are extended to all vessels. Declares that American...
August 20, 1793 Captured French Privateers to Receive Trial Henry Knox John Hancock Alludes to Genet Affair; discusses policy toward interposition; discusses policy re French privateers.
June 17, 1793 Speedy Departure of Those Privateers Thomas Jefferson [not available] In response to the complaint of Citizen Genet respecting the seizure of a French vessel by the Governor of New York, the cabinet members announce that French privateers should not seek safety in American ports and should respect the neutrality of the U.S. during the conflict between France and Britain.
August 21, 1793 State Courts to Apprehend Privateers Prizes Henry Knox Henry Lee Letter, directs actions re privateers & captured prizes; alludes to foreign hostilities & United States neutrality; discusses judicial system.
August 16, 1793 Procedure for Returning Ships Brought as Prizes into U.S. Ports By French Privateers Henry Knox Samuel Huntington Referring to the privateers mentioned in the U.S.-French agreement concerning French ships in U.S. ports, Knox directs that any prizes brought by French privateers into Connecticut ports be given back to the command of their sailing masters, or consuls from the ship's country.
August 3, 1793 Proposed Rules Governing Belligerents' Use of American Ports Alexander Hamilton [not available] The cabnet members provide proposed rules governing vessels of the belligerents in the war between Britain and France being armed and equipped in American ports. Privateers or those vessels adapted solely for war are deemed unlawful while those fitted for commerce or for commerce and war are lawful.
August 7, 1793 Regulations for Preserving the Neutrality of U.S. Ports Henry Knox Samuel Huntington More formal list of regulations for preserving U.S. neutrality, based on Knox's letter of May 24 and drawn from international law. These deal with the legality of ships at war being outfitted or resupplying in American ports, especially French ships and the privateers of nations at war with France, and allow unarmed merchantmen of all nations to continue their trade in American ports. Asks that...
May 1793 Employment of Privateers Henry Knox George Clinton Policy toward commissioning of privateers [burned fragment, illegible in large part].
August 27, 1793 French Privateers Are Ordered to Depart Henry Knox Joshua Clayton The French privateers should be ordered to depart. If they refuse, Govenor Clayton should find the means to enforce this order.
August 18, 1794 Circular to the Governors of the States Alexander Hamilton Governors of these United States Circular letter from the War Department to the Governors of the States. Since Knox is absent, Hamilton is in his stead. He is directed by the President to write to the governors on the subject of French privateers fitted out in American ports, which are to be denied asylum except upon the condition of being dismantled of their military equipments. States that the conduct of some of these vessels...
May 28, 1796 Capture of the "Mount Vernon", Recommendation of William Smith, Etc. Oliver Wolcott, Jr. Alexander Hamilton There is concern about the entry of the prizes of French Privateers into American ports. Action on this matter will requre congressional and executive action, which will take time. Wolcott mentions the capture of the ship "Mt. Vernon" and the need for a reputable, confidential American diplomat in France. He recommends William Smith, who is trusted and admired by the French. He wonders if Mr....
August 16, 1793 Privateers Henry Knox Henry Lee U.S. position of neutrality prevents any ships from being outfitted with weapons in U.S. ports, and no privateers or cruisers can be granted asylum.
August 21, 1793 Restitution of Prizes Captured by Privateers Illegally Fitted Out Henry Knox Joshua Clayton Knox orders that any prizes brought into U. S. ports by foreign belligerents should be restored to those persons who were the owners at the time of capture. If those persons cannot be found, the prizes should be turned over to the consuls of the nations where the prizes orginated.
August 20, 1793 Prizes and Neutrality Henry Knox George Clinton Discusses the issue of prizes.
August 21, 1793 Actions Regarding Privateers & Captured Prizes Henry Knox Richard Dobbs Spaight Letter, directs actions re privateers & captured prizes; alludes to foreign hostilities & United States neutrality; discusses judicial system.
August 16, 1798 Disposal of Privateers' Booty in Massachusetts James McHenry [not available] The President has ordered that privateers' prizes brought to Massachusetts should be returned to their original masters or to the consul of the country from which they were captured.
January 11, 1799 Discussion of Shipping to Mississippi Territory with Threats of Privateers Samuel Hodgdon Isaac Craig Acknowledges letter and information from Governor Winthrop Sargent's goods. Includes figures for shipping items to the Natchez by sea. Adds value of insurance with the great risk of privateers. Hopes to resolve issues soon with Forrest and with Campbell.
August 16, 1793 European Privateers Outfitted in America to Be Barred from Ports; List of Known Offending Ships Henry Knox Samuel Huntington Notes that the federal government has tried in vain to outlaw the practice of European nations outfitting privateers in American ports, and passes down a firmer strategy to preserve American neutrality: no cruisers or privateers originally outfitted in American ports will have no asylum in those ports. Authorizes Huntington to see to causing any such ships to leave, by force if necessary. Also...
August 3, 1793 Fitting Out of Privateers in the Ports of the United States. Alexander Hamilton [not available] The cabinet members state their opinion in favor of the prohibition of future fitting out of privateers in the ports of the United States.
August 22, 1793 Restoration of the Ship "Ann and Susan" to Its Owners Henry Knox Joshua Clayton Knox orders that the passengers be liberated and the property on board the illegally captured ship "Ann and Susan" be restored to its owners. The ship was captured contrary to the provisions of the treaty with France and the privateers involved should be denied asylum in U. S. ports.