Viewing 1–25 of 85 documents

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
May 20, 1791 Council with Six Nation Chiefs, Opinion on Knox Major General Richard Butler John Johnson Butler enclosed proceedings from council with Six Nation chiefs held due to agitated Indians. Knox wants to "take all nations by the hand to meet" General Sinclair at Fort Washington on the Ohio but in Butlers opinion, Knox's speeches are too haughty and cannot be delivered to the Indians.
February 6, 1793 Provisions for the Meeting with the Western Indians William Hull Alexander Hamilton Hull reports that the British in Canada have refused the American request to provide supplies for the Spring conference with the western Indians.
May 21, 1793 Report of the Commissioners instructed to treat with hostile Indians north of the Ohio Beverley Randolph Henry Knox A preliminary report which highlights the details of the commissioner's travel and accommodations prior to movement to the treaty site at Sandusky. Accommodations are scant; commissioners are lodging at Navy Hall, opposite Niagara with British host Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada John Graves Simcoe. General Lincoln has yet to arrive. Talks to be delayed about a month [Treaty negotiations...
May 26, 1793 Obtaining White Wampum Benjamin Lincoln Henry Knox "Not having obtained any white wampum, either at New York or Albany, we have desired Major Craig to procure any quantity , not exceeding 80,000, at Pittsburgh; should he procure it, he will transmit you the account thereof, which we request you to pay at five days' sight hereof."
May 26, 1793 Letter from Federal Commissioners Sandusky Treaty requesting interpreters and white wampum [money] Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky Isaac Craig From Niagara, Commissioners have no information on whereabouts of William Wilson or James Rankin, interpreters for Delaware and Shawanese languages; and inquire on whereabouts of white wampum. They write to Major Craig at Pittsburg noting that it is of highest importance that they have their interpreters. Ask Craig to urge Wilson to come. If Rankin cannot come, find another competently skilled in...
May 26, 1793 Report on preliminary proceedings of Federal Commissioners for Treaty at Sandusky Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky Henry Knox Document details the route of the commissioners to the treaty area. Pickering and Randolph traveled together. Lincoln came separately with stores and baggage. Pickering and Randolph route comprised Sunbury PA, Northumberland, Munsey, Licoming, Painted Post and Bath New York, Williamsburg, Genesee River, New York. Lincoln traveled from Philadelphia to Albany, Mohawk River and Oswego. Upon arrival...
May 26, 1793 Request for White Wampum & Interpreters for Treaty at Sandusky Ohio Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky General John Gibson Six Nations interpreter Jasper Parish carries a letter from Federal commissioners for Treaty at Sandusky which attempts to enlist General Gibson's support as an Indian expert in obtaining white wampum and qualified interpreters for the Delaware and Shawanese languages. Major Craig at Pittsburg identified at the point of contact. Interpreters were supposed to travel with commissioners, but did not...
May 26, 1793 Instructions to Get Two Guides and Proceed with Letters to Pittsburg Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky Jasper Parrish Commissioners instruct interpreter Jasper Parrish to proceed to Pittsburg with two trusty Indians from Cornplanter's settlement, obtain more interpreters for treaty negotiations at Sandusky, and procure more white wampum. If Major Craig does not respond in timely fashion, apply to General John Gibson, who will expedite the effort. Commissioners plan to embark for Sandusky on 20 June 1793
May 27, 1793 Tardy interpreters, arrival of Benjamin Lincoln, overdue wampum, and concern over potential troop movements of General Wayne Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky Henry Knox Commissioners report that General Lincoln arrived on 25 May with stores in the batteaux. No interpreters as of yet; nor is there any white wampum. Duplicate letter enclosed from Colonel McKee. The delay of proceedings provides time to obtain interpreters and white wampum. If the white wampum does not arrive in time, will borrow from British agents at Niagara or Detroit. Send the wampum to Major...
May 27, 1793 Commissioners request for money due to delay of treaty proceedings and payment of batteaux men Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky Henry Knox Commissioners report that they paid and discharged their batteauxmen [boat operators]. Need more money because of delay in treaty proceedings. Request $461.75.
May 27, 1793 Letter to Secretary of War on belt of hostile Indians, wampum, medicine chest, medicinal bark Benjamin Lincoln Henry Knox Bearer of letter is Six Nations interpreter Jasper Parrish. Federal Commissioners forTreaty of Sandusky report to Knox that belt from hostile tribes is missing. Request wampum, medicine chest and medicinal bark.
May 27, 1793 Commissioners Advise No Movement, Lest Indians Interpret it as Hostile Commissioners for Indian Affairs in the Northern Department Henry Knox Peace commissioners advise Knox that Wayne should not undertake any movement, lest it provoke the Indians.
May 27, 1793 Request for White Wampum Timothy Pickering Henry Knox On behalf of commissioners, Pickering laments that the white wampum has not arrived from New York or Albany. Therefore, ask Major Craig's help in obtaining a quantity, not exceeding 80,000.
May 27, 1793 Request for white wampum and qualified Delaware and Shawanese interpreters Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky Isaac Craig Federal commissioners advise Major Craig they have dispatched Six Nations interpreter Jasper Parrish to Philadelphia to procure white wampum. They ask Craig to dispatch 40 to 50,000 white wampum. They reiterate request for Delaware and Shawanese interpreters to support the Treaty at Sandusky Ohio.
June 4, 1793 Memorandum of instructions on treaty negotiations given to Captain Hendricks by Colonel Pickering. Timothy Pickering Captain Hendricks Instructions from the Commissioners to Captain Hendricks. Hostile Indians claim boundary as Ohio; commissioners suggest that Hendricks consider the following in order to explore Indian flexibility on this matter. 1. Admit that some commissioners set up extravagant claims. Emphasize that current commissioners will confine selves to moderate tenets. 2. Former treaties went to great council of...
June 7, 1793 Find out what is true and do what is right. Colonel Pickering Captain Hendricks This is the memorandum of instructions given to Captain Hendricks by Colonel Pickering respecting the discourse with the hostile Indians about the treaty. Hendricks should listen to their claims regarding the boundary and ascertain how they might be dissuaded from their rigid demands.
June 26, 1793 Interpreters Arrival, Arrival of Moravian Missionaries, and Timing of Conference Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky Henry Knox Federal commissioners for conference at Sandusky report that interpreter Jasper Parish has arrived with letters from Knox and wampum resupply. Other interpreters, Mr. Wilson and Mr Ash arrived with letter from Major Isaac Craig outlining their terms. Moravian missionaries, including John Hockwelder. Wilson assessed as intelligent and useful; did not make it to rapids of Miami. Colonel McKee...
June 26, 1793 Reports on treaty efforts at Sandusky; events in France Timothy Pickering Samuel Hodgdon Reports that interpreter Jasper Parrish arrived with letter. Reports on travels, mentioning Fort Erie, Sandusky. Indians assembled at rapids of Miami of the Lake. Communication by post to Niagara not yet established. Indians have heard that General Wayne has advanced as far as great plains of Miami. Expects such tales, some void of truth, to be common during Treaty. There are villains of all...
July 5, 1793 Council meeting in which the Commissioners of the United States, Colonel Simcoe, military officers and Indians from the council assembled Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky Henry Knox Commissioners report that on 29 June 1793, they embarked at Fort Erie for Sandusky, but winds not favorable and returned. On 30 June, winds still unfavorable; nevertheless commissioners embarked on Schooner Dunmore. On 5 July, Commissioners still detained by unfavorable winds. Vessel arrived from the Miami with Colonel Butler British Superintendent Indian Affairs, and Captain Brant, with fifty...
July 8, 1793 Answer of Federal Commissioners for Conference at Sandusky to speech delivered by Captain Brant on behalf of western Indians Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky Chiefs of the Sandusky Delivered by interpreter Captain Brant on behalf of Western Nations, Commissioners restate questions and issues presented by Western Indians previous day. Commissioners express regret at warlike appearances of United States north of Ohio [presumably Major General Anthony Wayne's forces.] Commissioners state that they do in fact have authority to make treaties based on the appointment by...
July 9, 1793 Answer of the Commissioners to Captain Brandt's Speech Benjamin Lincoln Joseph Brandt Answer of the Commisioners of the United States to the speech delivered yesterday by Captain Brandt in behalf of the Western Indians.
July 10, 1793 Letter from the Federal Commissioners at the Sandusky Council Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky Henry Knox Commissioners comment that deputation of Western Indians a fortunate event. Discuss the request for fresh orders from President of United States for General Wayne troops to remain quiet at post. Captain Brant has information that Wayne's troops have cut fresh roads from Ft Washington to Indian country in a direction that would miss Ft Jefferson. Evidence of stockpiling of provisions that appear...
July 10, 1793 Requesting Orders to General Wayne to Abstain from Hostilities Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky George Washington In this letter the Federal Commissioners for Sandusky Conference request that President Washington issue fresh orders to Major General Anthony Wayned to abstain from hostilites and to remain quietly at posts.
July 10, 1793 Advice and Opinion on Council Fire with Indians Benjamin Lincoln Henry Knox Lincoln recapped events of council fire with hostile Indians at the rapids of the Miami River, advised against any military activities during treaty negotiations. Suspects Gen. Wayne of violating truce.
July 10, 1793 Requesting Prices of Indian Goods and Transportation from Philadelphia to Pittsburg Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky Henry Knox Commissioners for Sandusky Conference request price of all Indian goods and cost of transportation from Philadelphia to Pittsburg.