Viewing 1–25 of 212 documents

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
September 14, 1788 Arrival of Senecas; preemptive attack; on the efficiency of a general Indian confederacy Arthur St. Clair Henry Knox General Butler arrived with 51 Senecas, including Cornplanter and Halftown. Six Nations desires peace. Discusses application made, in conjunction with Guysatha, for release of Chipewa prisoners. Suggests that war with Western tribes is inevitable. Discusses possibility of decisive military stroke, simultaneously and at multiple locations. Suggests that in the wake of such attacks, Indians would...
January 9, 1789 Treaty of Fort Harmar: Between the United States and the Six Nations Arthur St. Clair Chiefs Six Nations Agreement between the United States government and Indian tribes with claims to the Ohio Country. Representatives of the Six Nations, the Wyandot, Delaware, Ottawa, Chippewa, Potawatomi and Sauk met with Arthur St. Clair governor of the Northwest Territory, and other American leaders Josiah Harmar and Richard Butler.
January 14, 1790 Reports Plans for Fort Washington; Fears Trouble from Creek Indians Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Reports visit from the Governor of the Western Territory [Arthur St. Clair], who then left for a visit of the new country, furnished with escorts under Lieut. Doyle and Major Wyllys. Believes Fort Washington will be one of the most solid garrisons in the Territory, describing the layout and construction. Describes surrounding area and inhabitants. Fears trouble from the Creek Nation in Georgia...
March 24, 1790 Reports Indian Attacks, Personnel Changes Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Reports that the Indians continue to murder and plunder, including entire settlements. Requests troops be raised to suppress Indians. Announces personnel changes.
September 2, 1790 Matters of pay; government removal to Philadelphia; pay reductions; the lottery Josiah Harmar Joseph Howell From Headquarters Fort Washington, Harmar mentions that punctual payments always ensure discipline. Is happy that Congress had determined to remove to Philadelphia. Will discontinue forwarded subscription of Tenno's paper as he will send a copy directly to Harmar in the future. Reductions of officer's pay is a very hard case indeed, does not think much about the soldiers. Harmar himself subjected...
September 19, 1790 [COPY] Notification to British of Peaceful Intentions Arthur St. Clair Major Murray St. Clair, having been commanded to do so by President Washington, notified Major Murray that the expedition west was to handle hostile Indians and the United States held only a peaceful disposition toward Great Britain and all her possessions. Design is to humble and chastise some of the savage tribes, whose depredations have become intolerable, and whose cruelties have become an outrage.
October 9, 1790 Assembly of Troops under General Harmar Arthur St. Clair Henry Knox Troops and supplies prepared for expedition, reinforcements called from Fayette and Woodford counties. Details of march west by militia troops from Kentucky under direction of General Harmar.
November 4, 1790 Report of engagement with Indians vicinity Miami village Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Harmar reports that he marched 320 Federal troops and 1453 militia. His forces made it to the Miami village. He found it abandoned. Upon engagement, his forces suffered heavy losses, about 180. But the headquarters of iniquity were broken up. Estimates 100-120 slain warriors, 300 log houses burned, 20,000 bushels of corn destroyed. Laments loss of Major Wyllys and Lieutenant Frothingham of the...
November 4, 1790 General Orders to Kentucky and Pennsylvania militia Josiah Harmar [not available] Harmar says the order and regularity of the militia on their return to the Ohio River was highly commendable. Notwithstanding losses, notes the destruction of corn and vegetables, and killing of 100 warriors. Militia from Kentucky to receive pay until 10th instant, then draw provisions and march home. General returns thanks to every officer and private for good conduct, and discharges them with...
November 4, 1790 Return of the Killed and Wounded upon the Expedition against the Miami Towns Josiah Harmar [not available] Return of the killed and wounded upon the expedition against the Miami towns, under the command of Brigadier General Harmar. Federal troops killed: 75; militia; 108. Total wounded: 31. Killed included Major Wyllys, Lieutenant Frothingham, Major Fontaine, Captain Thorp, Captain, Scott, Captain McMurtry, Lieutenant Clark, Lieutenant Worley, and Ensign Arnold.
November 5, 1790 Concerning Rumors of Alcoholism Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Josiah Harmar thanks Knox for his letter, and expresses distress that the president believes that "the bottle" incapacitates him. He defended his conduct and expressed firm belief that he acted as a soldier should.
November 6, 1790 Letter from Governor of Northwest Territory Arthur St. Clair Henry Knox Letter from the Governor of the Northwest Territory to the Secretary at War; mentions General Josiah Harmer.
November 23, 1790 Report of Expedition against Little Turtle and Miamis Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Josiah Harmar provides a detailed account to the Secretary at War of the failed military expedition against Little Turtle and the Miamis. This account includes such details as the order of march, the order of encampment, and the order of battle. Describes the Miami Indians groups and the geography. Mentions interactions with traders, whom, he claims, may be more savage than the Indians. Ordered...
November 23, 1790 Expedition to Omee River Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Letter, describes expedition to Omee River; describes lay of land along river; discusses frontier abbreviations for Indian names.
January 5, 1791 Miserable Pittance, Lottery Tickets, Etc. Josiah Harmar Joseph Howell Harmar complains bitterly about his subsistence allowance which will not enable him to "keep a table" without taking from his private purse. He asks Howell to buy ten tickets in the New York lottery for him.
January 26, 1791 List of Debts Due Me John Mercer Joseph Howell Enclosed is a list of debts due Mercer from the advances made to soldiers under his command. He requests that Howell take the proper steps to secure the approriate amount for him.
April 27, 1791 Deposition of John Thorp John Thorp [not available] In his deposition, John Thorp attests to General Harmar's military manner, great sobriety, and eminent viligance during the expedition against the Omee towns.
May 1, 1791 Developments on Frontier Arthur St. Clair Henry Knox Informant told St. Clair that Wyandots joined Shawnees and Delawares in alliance. Further details on military operations on frontier.
May 25, 1791 Instructions on Sale of Tracts of Land Arthur St. Clair Alexander Hamilton Developments on the sale of land, contracting, etc.
May 27, 1791 Ten Lottery Tickets, Etc. Josiah Harmar Joseph Howell General Harmar wants Howell to buy him ten New York Lottery tickets and send him the numbers thereof. Captains Asheton, Bradford, and Mc Curdy should send the returns of clothing of the men discharged in 1788 and 1789 but the men who allege that they are due arrearages of clothing are not to be credited.
May 27, 1791 New York Lottery, Etc. Josiah Harmar Joseph Howell Howell wants Harmar to purchase for him ten tickets on his account in the New York Lottery and three on account of Howell, Harmar and Beatty. He pledges to order Capts. Asheton, Bradford, and McGurdy to forward to Harmar the returns of clothing due the men who were discharged in 1788 and 1789.
June 1, 1791 Location of troops Arthur St. Clair Major General Richard Butler St. Clair (possibly) gives destination of troops that were marching at time of letter.
June 13, 1791 Updates on Troops, Missing Officer Arthur St. Clair Henry Knox Unknown location and occupation of officer, others questioned as to his location.
June 16, 1791 Ferguson requests stores be sent to Fort Washington John Ferguson Samuel Hodgdon Ferguson makes requisition to Hodgdon for stores needed at Fort Washington.
June 23, 1791 Account of Violence During Patrol Arthur St. Clair Henry Knox Indians killed, men wounded.