Viewing 1–25 of 58 documents

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
July 20, 1786 Report of Mr. Philip Liebert regarding intentions of the savages Philip Liebert [not available] Liebert was ordered by Major Doughty to pass through the Delaware and Shawnee towns on the Miami and at Sandusky. Shawanese not disposed to peace. The Delawares and Wyandots were more kind and friendly.
August 10, 1786 Reports Intelligence of an Indian Attack Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Ensign Denny brings intelligence from the Miami Indians that General Clark and his men, authorized by the state of Virginia, are forming an expedition to attack the Indians.
October 10, 1786 Effect of hostile intentions of Indians on surveying business Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Because of hostile intentions of Indians, Captain Hutchins declined to prosecute surveying business and retired to the Ohio River. Captain Hamtramck is to provide a detachment for security. Hutchins is zealous to carry out the ordinance of Congress and resume surveying, but Indian situation is dangerous.
November 15, 1786 On the Killing of Shawanese King Melanthy, General Clarke's Expedition, Surveying Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Colonel Logan's expedition burned seven Shawanese towns, took scalps and prisoners. Melanthy, the Shawanese King, was killed. Harmar laments that he was a friend of United States. There are reports that 400 men have deserted from General Clarke's expedition. Surveying business with Captain Hutchins goes on, but accompanying troops are ill equipped for winter operations. Requests new clothing.
December 6, 1786 Reports Congressional Act in Favor of Moravians; Promises Assistance Josiah Harmar Moravian Indians Reports the passing of a congressional act in their favor. Promises to deliver requested articles. Congress has granted permission for them to return to their former settlements on the Muskingum with promises of friendship and protection. Seeks to know the name of their leader.
April 10, 1787 Cited letter or document, Josiah Harmar to Henry Knox Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Letter, Citation only Cited in Harmar to Knox, 05/14/1787, Harmar to Knox, 07/07/1787.
May 14, 1787 Discussion of the Closure of the Mississippi River Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Made great efforts to get to know the inhabitants and the politics of Kentucky during his stay at the Falls. The hot topic is free navigation of the Mississippi, and people west of the Allegheny Mountains remain concerned about the closure of this route. Kentucky has mustered 5,000 men. Lists people, boats, horses, cattle, and wagons who have passed through the garrison between October and May....
May 14, 1787 Report from Colonel Josiah Harmar Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Harmar reports on the politics of the country. Captain Heart says a council of all Indian tribes was holding at Buffalo Creek, near Fort Erie, to discuss the matter of giving up their lands. Discusses free navigation of Mississippi. If Congress wants to stop navigation on the Ohio River, recommends situating a post at Ohio and Wabash rivers. Reports on robberies of ships cargo and scalping,...
May 25, 1787 Checking the Indians on the Pennsylvania Frontier Josiah Harmar General William Irvine General Harmar discusses the orders he has received from the War Office respecting the establishment of a small post at the confluence of French Creek and the Allegheny River. The purpose of this garrison is to check the northern Indians from committing depredations on the frontier of Pennsylvania.
June 7, 1787 Movements of troops, protection for surveyors, disposition of Western Indians Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Harmar reports that he is executing orders of congress and has evacuated Fort Stueben, and transmitted orders to Captain Ferguson to withdraw from Fort Pitt. Has detached Captain Strong and Captain Mercer, with their companies, for the Rapids. Surveyors have requested military escorts. Reason for assembling troops on Rapids of Ohio is to prevent Indians from attacking settlements. Western...
June 30, 1787 Account of Costs John Doughty Dr. Pratt Expenses and related costs. List of supplies and associated costs.
November 24, 1787 Describes Geography, Inhabitants, Indians, Activity Surrounding Kaskaskias Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Impossibility to gather in all Indian chiefs--rather, he traveled the fatiguing journey to Kaskaskia. Describes geography and inhabitants, including Indians and chiefs with peace pipes, and French and American settlers. Describes settlements and buildings. Explains to settlers the proprietary of possessions on contested land. Visited with Spanish settlers. Advised settlers to rouse their militias...
November 24, 1787 Recommendation of Mr. Coudray Josiah Harmar Henry Knox If there is a vacancy in the Connecticut quota, General Harmar recommends Mr. Coudray who has been a volunteer in the regiment for a considerable time and has conducted himself with propriety.
November 25, 1787 Arthur St. Clair's appointment to government of Western Territory and Josiah Harmar's promotion to brevet Brigadier General Josiah Harmar Arthur St. Clair Harmar congratulates Arthur St. Clair for his appointment to the government of the Western Territory [northwest of the Ohio River]. Reports that Congress has honored Harmar with brevet commission to Brigadier General, and thanks St. Clair for is friendship and influence upon the occasion. Mrs. Harmar sends compliments. Major Duncan left for the Falls.
December 9, 1787 Account of People Emigrating to Kentucky Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Lists numbers of people, boats, horses, wagons, cattle, sheep, and hogs passing along the river bound for Kentucky.
December 19, 1787 Reports Activity at Fort Harmar; Expresses Concern for Supplies Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Refers to several recent congressional resolutions, one for Virginia to provide militia to support the troops against the Indians (savages). Expresses concern about people of Kentucky forming expeditions against federal efforts to work with Indians. Reports payment of provisions to Mr. Bradshaw for recent expedition to Post Vincennes. Expresses discouragement over lack of supplies and use of...
December 23, 1787 Return of Pennsylvania troops in service of United States Josiah Harmar Benjamin Franklin Harmar sends return of Pennsylvania troops in service of United States. Secretary of War Knox has said that Congress will call upon states to raise same number of men for three years. Discusses recommendations from General Mifflin and Charles Biddle for the appointment of Robert Thomson, son of late General Thomson, to Ensigncy. Also warmly recommended by General Irwin.
January 10, 1788 Describes Activity at Fort Harmar; Mentions Supplies, Officers, Recruits, Indians Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Lists recent correspondence. Hopes that the treaty with the governor of the Western Territory will pacify the "savages" and land with the Ohio Company purchase. Discusses habitability of land according to several reports around the Muskingum and Ohio Rivers. Discussion of federal territory. Encounter with mutinous John Sullivan on federal land and settlers' concerns about navigation on the...
March 9, 1788 Discusses Trades with the Delawares and the Moravian Indians Josiah Harmar Henry Knox David Zeisberger, Moravian Indian missionary, has requested an exchange of corn for powder, linen, etc. Refers to encounter with Captain Pipe, chief of the Delawares, who met with Ensign McDowell in great friendship and respect. They intend to trade furs with contractors.
June 15, 1788 Describes Activity Surrounding Fort Harmar, French Creek, Preparations for Indian Treaty Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Describes journey to French Creek and Captain Heart's work on his garrison and with the Seneca and Munsee. Describes geography. Discusses efforts to prepare for treaty. Refers to provisions and supplies and transportation by public expense. Reports numbers of boats and emigrants to pass through. Discusses land reserved by Congress and the lower land. Mentions dismantling of Fort McIntosh....
June 15, 1788 Report from Colonel Josiah Harmar Josiah Harmar Henry Knox Reports on the movements of General St. Clair who arrived at Fort Pitt and later attended to affairs at Ligonier. Major Doughty proceeds in a barge. Large boat laden with provisions for treaty set out for Falls of Muskingum. Mentions his tour to Mississippi River and visits to several villages on American and Spanish side. Discusses provisions to Post Vincennes, volume of emigration. Discusses...
June 30, 1788 Monies for recruiting service; appropriate specie, and disputes over rank Josiah Harmar Peter Muhlenberg Harmar discusses monies for recruiting service; the matter of paper money and specie, and disputes over rank between Ensigns Denny and Spear. Indicates that Spear is the senior officer. The same principles should operate in case of Captains Ferguson and Ziegler.
July 13, 1788 Regarding provisions for Indians and attack by party of Indians Arthur St. Clair Henry Knox Reports on attack by party of Indians. St. Clair notes that it cannot be determined whether this was a wanton act or deliberately committed to embarrass the Councils and obstruct a general peace. Discusses implications of war and questions good faith of Indians.
July 13, 1788 Speech to Chiefs of Nations Assembled at Tawa River and Mouth of Detroit River Arthur St. Clair Chiefs of Nations assembled at Tawa River and Mouth of Detroit River In a speech to Chiefs of Nations assembled at Tawa River and Mouth of Detroit River, St. Clair expresses impatience to hear of chiefs arrival. Expresses displeasure that instances of unprovoked hostility. United States desires peace, but if Indians desire war, they will have it. Expects an answer soon.
July 13, 1788 Speech to the Chiefs of Wyandots Arthur St. Clair Chiefs of the Wyandots A Black Cloud has arisen in the North and has darkened prospects of completing good work. It may blow over. Refers to speech sent to Chiefs at Tawa and mouth of Detroit River. Asks for assistance in removing the cloud.