Viewing 1–25 of 62 documents

Date Title Author Recipient Summary
April 7, 1793 Letter from Major Henry Gaither to Secretary of War Henry Knox regarding murder and robbery at Traders Hill on St Marys Henry Gaither Henry Knox Gaither writes from Fort Fidius to inform Knox about the robbery and murder of two whites at Traders Hill on St Marys by Creek Indians. Notes the William Seagrove, presumably owner of the store, is demanding the murderers and the whole party concerned; the Indians are divided over the demand made by Seagrove. Timothy Bernard advises Gaither to stand his guard. Gaither has written to General Clark...
April 17, 1793 Letter from Major Henry Gaither to Secretary of War Henry Knox on the robbery and murder at Traders Hill St Marys Henry Gaither Henry Knox Recounting murder and robbery at Traders Hill St Marys, Gaither notes that Indian Agent James Seagrove demands murderers and all involved. This demand is dividing the Creek nation. Timothy Bernard advises Gaither to stay on guard. Gaither has written to General Clark and other militia officers. Encloses Bernard's letter.
April 19, 1793 His Warriors are Determined to Spill Human Blood Henry Gaither Henry Knox Gaither has been informed that the Half Way king and his warriors are determined to spill human blood so he has warned the militia officers of their dangerous situation so that they can be on guard.
April 19, 1793 Letter from Major Henry Gaither to Secretary of War Henry Knox on the robbery and murder at Traders Hill St Marys Henry Gaither Henry Knox Report, based on information from Bird King and Cussetah King, that Halfway House King and his warriors are determined to shed blood. Has informed militia officers; some have offered services and are scouting. Many fires on Indian side of Oconee. Will send spy for more information. Soldiers are healthy; received stores from Rocklanding.
May 6, 1793 Letter from Major Henry Gaither to Secretary of War Henry Knox on Indian theft and murder Henry Gaither Henry Knox Major Gaither reports from Fort Fidius that white inhabitants are alarmed by Indians; gives account of stolen horses and murder of a family of six and the son of Mr Pere. Is receiving requests by inhabitants to call out the militia.
May 23, 1793 State of Alarm Among Inhabitants of Georgia Frontier, Etc. Henry Gaither Henry Knox From Fort Fidius, Major Gaither reports many of inhabitants have left their homes; some have built forts on their soil. Gaither has furnished many with arms; militia Generals have ordered rations. Federal contractor issuing about 2000 rations per day to militia. Male negroes and some of their families included in the ration returns. Major Habersham asked that Gaither certify these issues....
June 9, 1793 Reporting on the Georgia Militia's March against Hostile Indian Towns Henry Gaither Henry Knox In this letter from Ft Fidius, Gaither reports that Georgia Militia, under leadership of Major General Twiggs and Brigadiers Irwin Clark and Blackburn with about 600 officers and men, about half mounted, marched against hostile towns, crossed the Oconee. Gaither believes current effort is to avoid the friendly towns. Gaither received answer to Seagrove's demands and sent Ensign Sedgewick with...
June 14, 1793 Georgia's Militia Activity against the Creeks Henry Gaither Henry Knox Gaither reporting to Secretary of War Henry Knox, notes that Georgia Militia Major General Twiggs crossed the Oakmulgee River and laid out a fort. Most of the command mutinied and returned. Gaither has heard reports of families killed by Indians in Franklin County [northwest of Augusta near SC], but cannot confirm veracity.
July 15, 1793 Unconfirmed reports of whites killed by Indians Henry Gaither Henry Knox Major Gaither informs Knox of possible hostilities by Indians against white families [30 dead] vicinity of upper part of Georgia, not far from Ft Matthews. Source of information militia General Twiggs. Gaither questions veracity. Reports that citizens fully behind the militia; has heard that militia plans to cross into Creek nation about the mouth of Shoulderbone.
July 20, 1793 Raising of additional militia in Georgia, and controversy over Federal command of troops Henry Gaither Henry Knox From Fort Fidius, Gaither's correspondence includes two letters from Mr Bernard. Reports that Georgia Governor Telfair has published an order for raising 100 cavalry and 100 infantry militia, to be under Gaither's command. Gaither believes the numbers are sufficient; militia officers do not; nor are they pleased that a federal officer has command of these troops.
September 11, 1793 James Seagrove report to Captain Constant Freeman on visit with Creeks, and instances of resistance to visit in Georgia countryside, James Seagrove Constant Freeman Writing from Fort Fidius, James Seagrove, Creek Indian agent, in a defiant tone, reports that he persists in his plans to meet with the Creeks, despite plans meditated for his destruction by some on the Georgia frontier. Met up with Captain Dickinson and twenty continental troops detached in order to provide security for Seagrove and his party against Georgia inhabitants. Arrived at Ft Fidius 9...
September 17, 1793 Letter from James Seagrove to Georgia Governor Telfair regarding Georgia inhabitant resistance toward his efforts to meet with Creek leadership James Seagrove Henry Knox From Ft Fidius on the Oconee River, Seagrove describes the Georgia inhabitants as being violently against peace with the Creek Nation. Notes that parties of militia are kept out to intercept Seagrove if he attempts to enter the Creek Nation. Describes a scene at Long Bluff whereby some Indians were attacked by Captain Stokes of the militia, an affair which has kept the Indians from coming forward...
September 22, 1793 Letter from James Seagrove Creek Indian Agent to Governor Telfair on Creek wishes for peace and request that Governor stop Georgia Militia disruptions of peace efforts James Seagrove Governor Edward Telfair Reporting from Fort Fidius on the Oconee, Seagrove says he is receiving expressions of friendship from the Creeks. Peace with the Creeks on terms of equal justice is the policy of the Federal Government and hopefully it is the wish of the people of Georgia. Seagrove says he will leave for the Creek Towns the next day 23 September 1793. Asks that Telfair put a stop to militia interfering with his...
September 23, 1793 Report from Major Henry Gaither to Henry Knox Secretary of War on Georgia Militia efforts to intercept James Seagrove Creek Indian Agent Henry Gaither Henry Knox While riding with James Seagrove, received information of efforts to disrupt Seagrove's attempt to meet with Creek Nation. Reports that both Colonel Alexander with about 100 men, and Captain Charles Williamson, with his troop, attemted to cross the Oconee to intercept Seagrove. Intent is to intercept dispatches and attack friendly Indians. Gaither notes that these are same militia who expect to...
September 25, 1793 Statement of Frederick Dalcho Surgeons Mate Legion of United States on Georgia Militia efforts to intercept James Seagrove during peace overtures with Creeks Frederick Dalcho [not available] Statement by Frederick Dalcho Surgeons Mate given on 25 September 1793, attested by James Seagrove. Dalcho reports that some Georgia militia were pursuing some Indians in order to recover stolen horses. During this pursuit, they were ambushed by Indians. As a result, party headed out led by Colonel Alexander, Colonel Melton, Colonel Lemar, Major Fauche, Major Adams and other officers and men....
September 28, 1793 Extract of Letter from James Seagrove Creek Indian Agent, to Constant Freeman James Seagrove Constant Freeman From Fort Fidius reports that frontier militia continue to attempt to disrupt peace efforts with Creeks. Believes he could settle matters with satisfaction if not counteracted by bad conduct of people of Georgia. Reports of party under Colonel Alexander, and another from Green County that killed an Indian and took prisoners. Reports that he has written to Georgia Governor Telfair questioning...
September 28, 1793 Extract of letter from Major Henry Gaither to Joshua Meals, Merchant, Augusta Henry Gaither Joshua Meals [In quotation marks], letter from Major Gaither informs merchant Joshua Meals that Gaither will leave for the Oakmulgee next day and will need to furnish James Seagrove with a guard, pack horses and will likely have to accompany Seagrove himself in order to provide protection from several parties of militia.
October 2, 1793 Statement by Brigade Major Buckner Harris, 1st Brigade, 1st Division to James Seagrove Creek Indian Agent Brigade Major Buckner Harris James Seagrove Harris states that a party of militia brought in 8 prisoners and killed several Indians, which was consistent with the orders of Georgia Governor Telfair, who instructed several officers on the frontier that they should pursue any Indians who stole horses or committed hostilities. Telfair also instructed Harris to inform Brigadier General Clarke to pursue and kill any Indians committing outrages....
October 3, 1793 Letter from James Seagrove Creek Indian Agent, to Georgia Governor Telfair on efforts by Georgia militia to prevent Seagrove from meeting with Creek Chiefs James Seagrove Governor Edward Telfair Addressed to Georgia Governor and Commander in Chief of State of Georgia Edward Telfair, Seagrove implies that Telfair has been disingenuous with Seagrove. Seagrove recounts instances whereby Georgia Militia attempted to intervene and prevent Seagrove from meeting with the Creek leadership. Seagrove is dismayed that, after meeting with Telfair, and explaining President of United States General...
October 9, 1793 Letter from James Seagrove Creek Indian Agent, to Henry Knox Secretary of War on militia attack on village of Little Oakfuskees and purported duplicity by Georgia Governor Telfair James Seagrove Henry Knox Seagrove reports the he has not been able to conduct a peace mission with Creek leadership because of attempts by people of Georgia and militia to interfere with efforts. Recounts the report of Captain Sanford of Georgia Militia, who returned from an expedition of Creek Towns under Colonel Alexander and others, in pursuit of some horse thieves; expedition surprised the friendly town Little...
October 11, 1793 Letter from Major Henry Gaither to Secretary of War Henry Knox expressing loyalty to Federal Government Henry Gaither Henry Knox Gaither assures Henry Knox that he will act only in accordance with the instructions of the Federal Government and suggests that Georgia Governor Telfair had no right to intimate otherwise. Expresses doubt that the Governor will raise the infantry and cavalry, despite that he was ordered to do so by Federal Government.
October 14, 1793 Letter from James Seagrove Creek Indian Agent, to Henry Knox, on Georgia efforts to undermine peace with Creeks James Seagrove Henry Knox From Fort Fidius, Seagrove laments that his failed efforts at achieving peace with the Creek Nation are entirely owing to the unruly conduct of the people of Georgia. Reports that there are two expeditions on foot against the Creek towns; one party from Green County and other from Washington. Suggests that Georgia Governor Telfair is encouraging this activity. Expresses hope that the...
October 14, 1793 Letter from Captain Constant Freeman to Secretary of War Henry Knox on James Seagrove's failure to go into Creek Indian country, efforts of Georgia militia, and a suggestion that the Governor Telfair may call off further offensive operations unless sanctioned by Federal Government Constant Freeman Henry Knox Captain Freeman reports that James Seagrove has not gone into Indian Country for reasons Seagrove has already explained. Suggests that general war with Creeks is inevitable unless Federal Government express its disapprobation of the measures taken by the Georgia authorities. Success of Colonel Melton's invasion has given the people a desire for more expeditions and more prisoners. Suggests that...
October 14, 1793 Letter from James Seagrove to Georgia Governor Telfair requesting support in allowing Oakfuskees to settle matters with Cowetas for injuries done, to stop expeditions into Creek country, to prohibit future expeditions unless authorized by law James Seagrove Governor Edward Telfair Seagrove asks that the people of Georgia not interfere with Oakfuskee efforts to gains satisfaction for injuries done by Cowetas. Also requests he call off parties of militia assembled in Green and Washington Counties. Asks that Governor issue proclamation forbidding expeditions into Creek territory without proper [federal] authority.
October 21, 1793 Letter from James Seagrove Creek Indian Agent, to Henry Knox Secretary of War, reporting on renewed prospects for peace with Creek Nation James Seagrove Henry Knox Seagrove reports on positive prospects for peace, which might continue if the Georgia militia would stop going into Creek territory. Relates with pretty great certainty that about 200 militia have crossed the Oconee from Carr's Bluff, under command of Colonel Alexander. Notes that he has written to Georgia Governor Telfair on the matter. Expresses favorable opinion regarding a planned meeting of...