Order for Legion to Hold Position; Report on Actions of Cherokees and Creeks

Sources & Images
Source Name Image(s)
CollectionClements Library: Anthony Wayne Letterbooks view image
MicrofilmHistorical Society Of Pennsylvania: Anthony Wayne Papers (no image)
PublicationKnopf, Richard C., ed. Anthony Wayne, A Name In Arms: The Wayne-Knox-Pickering-McHenry Correspondence. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1960. (no image)
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Document Information
Date June 28, 1793
Author Name Henry Knox (primary) Location: War Department
Recipient Name Anthony Wayne (primary)
Summary Knox orders Wayne to remain on the margins of the Ohio in order to save rations, prepare for the coming campaign, and to avoid antagonizing the Indians. Among the southern Indians, the Cherokees and upper Creeks seem willing to remain at peace but the lower Creeks are causing trouble on the Georgia frontier.
Document Format Recipient's Letterbook Copy
Document Notes Cited in Knox to Wayne, 07/20/1793. Spans Images 212-216 of this collection.
Content Notes [not available]
Related Persons/Groups Anthony Wayne; Henry Knox; Captain Melcher; Brigadier General Wilkinson; President of the United States; troops; Commissioners; Henry Vanderburg; Captain Preston; Lieutenant Colonel Clarke; Governor Blount; Cherokees; the Cherokees; John Watts; chiefs; principal chiefs; Shawanese; Shawanese agents; upper Creeks; lower Creeks; large bodies of militia; Governor of Georgia; Congress; Commissioners at Niagara; Jacob Myers; Mr. Myers; ;
Related Places War Department; Ohio; Fort Pitt; Miami river; margin of the Ohio; the two Miamis; Vincennes; Pittsburgh; blockhouse; Wheeling; upper parts of the Ohio; Fort Washington; Philadelphia; Wells Town; frontiers of Georgia; Georgia; Niagara; ;
Keywords ration; price of the ration; preparations; forward movements; howitzers; stores; clothing; transportation; account; no suitable ground; inquiry; under oath; high prices; on the spot and under oath; reasonableness of the articles charged; schedule of the recruits; block house; erection of a block house at Wheeling; disturbances; depredations; descent of the garrisons; course of the Summer; council was convened; depredations on the frontiers of Georgia; general alarm; adequate arrangements for punishing the Creeks; three boats; regular and certain communication; boats; ;
Key Phrases It was pointed out to you, to remain upon the margin of the Ohio during your preparations for forward movements for three reasons. The first, the saving in the price of the ration, the second, the supposed convenience that would result from such a situation to accelerate your preparations, and the third, that any forward movements in force would occasion the detruction of the Commissioners and imputations upon our good faith.

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