Preventing desertion; providing medicine and saddles; distinctive hat insignia

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Date July 27, 1792
Author Name Henry Knox (primary) Location: War Department
Recipient Name Anthony Wayne (primary)
Summary Knox discusses the problem of desertion and how best to prevent it. He talks of recruiting efforts and outlines several troop movements and talks of the availablity of stores like clothing, medicine, and saddles. The four sub-legions are assigned distinctive hat bindings and plumes and the procedures for determining qualifications for pensions are discussed.
Document Format Recipient's Letterbook Copy
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Related Persons/Groups Anthony Wayne; Henry Knox; Asheton; Cavalry; deserters; Major Rudolph; First Regiment; McCully's Corps; Capts. Butler, Cummins, and Springer; Chickasaws; Captain Eaton of the fourth Sub-Legion; Mr. Belli; Mr. O'Hara; Brig. Genl. Wilkinsonl Col. Harding; Major Trueman; John Pomroy; Brant; Wynadots & Delawares; the principal Surgeon; Indians; wounded or disabled; medical department; invalid; Commander in Chief;
Related Places War Department; Baltimore; Alexandria; Winchester; Shepherdstown; Hagerstown; great Kenhawa; Pittsburgh; Fort Washington; upper parts of the Ohio; Vermont; Kentucky; Sandusky; Auglaize; Miami River of Lake Erie; Clarks Station; Crooked Creek;
Keywords spirit of desertion; depravity of mind disgraceful to human nature; infamous conduct; certainty of punishment for crimes; hard labor; death; rifle clothing; six hundred suits of clothing; medicines; serious offensive operations; cold weather; negotiations; saddles; stuffing; horse; rendezvous; regulations for the payment of troops & the distribution of the stores; large quantity of hay; forage; peace; white binding upon the hats and white plumes; red binding to the hats and red plumes; yellow binding and yellow plumes; no finding--black plumes; binding for the men's hats; Brant's information; pension list of the United States; wounds or other casualty; nature and degree of the disability; pension in half yearly payments in proportion to his disability according to law; specimen of the public powder;
Key Phrases It is a matter of serious consideration how this infamous conduct [desertion] is to be checked--it is concluded by all men who examined the question that severity is not so efficacious as certainty of punishment for crimes--How far hard labour generally adopted instead of death, which the laws allow, and direct, would effect a reformation is to be determined.
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