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View of the Present State of the Military Force of the United States

Sources & Images
Source Name Image(s)
CollectionIndiana Historical Society Library: Northwest Territory Coll., M367 view image
Document Information
Date February 18, 1791
Author Name Henry Knox (primary) Location: War Department
Recipient Name [not available]
Summary Henry Knox provides an analysis of the United States' military force, detailing the number of troops provided by each state and the number of troops needed.
Document Format [not available]
Document Notes [not available]
Content Notes [not available]
Related Persons/Groups Henry Knox; General Josiah Harmar; Captain Smith; non-commissioned officers; privates; regiment of infantry; battalions; troops; companies; President of the United States; ;
Related Places War Department; Georgia; Kentucky; North Carolina; Maryland; Ohio; Pennsylvania; New Jersey; New York; Connecticut; Massachusetts; Rhode Island; New Hampshire; ;
Keywords military force; Confederation of Congress; draft; troops; infantry; recruited; discharge; rate of pay; men wanted; artillery; recruiting service; ;
Key Phrases [not available]

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A View of the present State of the Military Force of the United States.

By the Act of the 30th of April 1790 the military establishment, was stated at 1216 non-commissioned officers, and privates, arranged into one regiment of infantry of three battalions, and one battalion of artillery - Two of the battalions of infantry, and the battalion of artillery were in Service prior to the said Act - The additional battalion of infantry was apportioned as follows -
Georgia ... One Company ... [Establishment] 76 ... [Recruited] 19 ... [Deficient] 57
North Carolina ... ditto ... [Establishment] 76 ... [Recruited] 52 ... [Deficient] 24
Kentucky ... [Establishment] 92. Conjectured [Recruited] 25 ... [Deficient] 67
Maryland ... [Establishment] 60 ... [Recruited] 60 ... [Deficient] -
[Totals][Establishment] 304 ... [Recruited] 156 ... [Deficient] -
The troops on the Ohio consist of 7 Companies of infantry and two of artillery ... 684 .. But it is conjectured that Genl. Harmar, has or will discharge all who have not reenlisted or will not re-enlist on the new establishment, that these may not amount to more than ... 200 ... 484
The troops in Georgia, are two companies of artillery & one of infantry, enlisted in the latter end of the year 1780..for three years ... 228. Actual number 177...51 ... 51
683 plus 533 ... 1216 Establishment.
On this view, there will be six hundred and eighty three men wanted, to complete the establishment, exclusively of the one hundred and seventy seven men in Georgia, inlisted on the former rate of pay - The Secretary of War proposes to complete the two said companies of artillery in Georgia, by drafts from Capt. Smith's company of infantry, which besides being sufficient for that purpose, will leave a detachment of said company of twenty five non commissioned and privates - These two companies of artillery, and the said detachment to be retained in service, upon the old pay, until they can be conveniently replaced by recruits upon the new establishment - their numbers ... 77.
Conjectured to have reinlisted, or who will reinlist on the Ohio ... 200
The number of additional battalion .... 156

Wanted to complete the said battalion 148 ... 304

The recruiting service to commence immediately in Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey & New York to complete the number of troops on if Ohio ... 484
Wanted to complete Smith's company - 51 - But it would be proper to recruit the whole company, and discharge such of the aforesaid detachment as would not reinlist upon the new establishment ... 51
Total 1,216
The additional regiment now under the consideration of Congress, the Secretary of War proposes to be raised in the States of Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New Hampshire ... 912
Total 2,128
All which is humbly submitted to the President of the United States
War department, Feby 18, 1791
H Knox
Secy of War