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Treaty with Creek Nation: 1790

Sources & Images
Source Name Image(s)
CollectionPierpont Morgan Library: Henry Knox Papers view image
Document Information
Date August 7, 1790
Author Name Henry Knox (primary)
Recipient Name [not available]
Summary Treaty of Peace with Creek Nation, 1790. Treaty conducted under the authority vested in the Secretary at War, Henry Knox.
Document Format Letterbook Copy
Document Notes [not available]
Content Notes [not available]
Related Persons/Groups Henry Knox; Tallisee King; Alexander Mcgilivray; Creek Indians; Richard Morris; Richard Varick; Marinus Willet; John Rutledge; Joseph Allen Smith; Warriors;
Related Places Oakmulgee; river Allamaha; river St. Mary's; Ceunna Mountain; Currahea Mountain; Shiyelo River; South branch of the Oconee River; Appalachy River; river Savannah; Keowee River; Georgia; Rock Landing on the Oconee River; United States of America; ;
Keywords in order to preclude ever all disputes relatively to the head or source of the main branc of the river Oconee at the place where it shall be intersected by the line aforesaid; ascertained by an able surveyor; shall be assisted by three old citizens of Georgia who may be appointed by the Governor; three old Creek Chiefs to be appointed by the said nation; assemble for this purpose on the first day of October; cause certain valuable indian goods now in the state of Georgia to be delivered; dollars to be paid; Article 5; solemnly guarantee to the Creek nation all their lands; person not being an indian shall not settle; such persons forfeit protection; Article 6; Article 7; hunt or destroy the game on the Creek lands; passport first obtained from the Governor; officer of the troops; nearest military post on the frontiers or such other persons as the President of the United States may from time to time authorize to grant the same; Article 8; person residing among them or who shall take refuge in their nation shall commit a robbery or murder or other capital crime on any of the citizens or inhabitants; won or tribe to which such offender or offenders may belong shall be bound to deliver him or them up to be punished according to the laws; Article 9; territorial districts; shall go into any town, settlement, or territory belonging to the Creek nation of indians and shall there commit any crime upon or trespass against the person or property of any peaceable and friendly indian or indians; committed within the jurisdiction of any state; punishable by the laws of suh state or district; white inhabitant; Article 10; in cases of violence on the persons or property of the individuals of either party, neiher retaliation nor reprisal shall be committed the the other until satisfaction shall have been demanded of the party of which the aggressor is and shall have been refused; Article 11; notice to the citizens; neighbouring tribe; peace and interests; Article 12; led to a greater degree of civilization and to become herdsmen and cultivators instead of remaining in a state of hunters; from time to time furnish gratiously the said nation with useful domestic animals and implements of husbandry; so desirable a pursuit; establish a certain mode of communications; qualify themselves to act as interpreters; persons shall have lands asssigned to them; cultivation for themselves and their successors on office; precluded exercising any kind of traffic; Article 13; animosities for past grievances shall henceforth cease; contracting parties will carry the foregoing treaty into full execution with all good faith and sinerity; take effect and be obligatory on the contracting parties as soon as the same shall have been ratified; with the advice and consent of the Senate; thence to the head or fource of the main south branch of the Oconee; confluence; drawn from the top of the Ceunna mountain; Article 4; boundary; where the old line stretches across theriver Savannah; place on the most northern branch of the same commonly called the Keowee; white inhabitants or negroes sho are now prisoners in any part of the said nations; if any such prisoners or negroes should not be so delivered on or before the first day of June ensuing; Governor of Georgia may empower three persons to repair to the said nation in order to claim and receive such prisoners and negroes; Secretary for the Department of War whom he hath constituted with full powers for these purposes by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; representing the said nation; agreed to the following articles; Article 1; perpetual peace and friendship between all citizens; individuals, towns and tribes of the upper, middle and lower Creeks and Seminoles composing the Creek nation of Indians; Article 2; all parts of the Creek nation within the limits of the United States do acknowledge themselves and the said parts of the Creek nation to under the protection; no other Sovereign whosoever; will not hold anytreaty with an individual state or with individuals of any state; Article 3; deliver us as soon as practicable to the commanding officer of th etroops of the United States stationed at Rock Landing on the Oconee River; citizens and members thereof; remove the causes of war by ascertaining their limits and making other necessary and just and friendly arrangements; treaty of peace and friendship made and concluded between the President of the United States of America on the part and behalf of the said States and the undersigned Kings, Chiefs and Warriors of the Creek nation of Indians on the part and behalf of the said nation; parties being desirous of establishing a permanent peace and friendship; ;
Key Phrases [not available]

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