Speech of Commissioners of United States to deputies of confederated Indians assembled at the rapids of Miami River

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CollectionNational Archives and Records Administration: 3d Cong, House, Sec War Confidential Rep, RG233 view image
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Date July 31, 1793
Author Name Federal Commissioners Treaty at Sandusky (primary) Location: Mouth of Detroit River
Recipient Name Deputies Confederated Indian Nations Location: Mouth of Detroit River
Summary Speech given by Federal Commissioners at the close of the afternoon on 31 July 1793 to the Indian Deputation of confederated Indian Nations assembled at Captain Elliot's a the mouth of the Detroit River. To avoid further confusion, the deputation gave the federal commissioners a paper stating "this is the meaning of our hearts." Signed by Wyandots, Delawares, Shawanese, Miamis, Mingoes, Pattawatonnies, Ottawas, Connoys, [Conoys], Chippewas, Munsees. Commissioners express surprise that a full understanding not met by the previous group of deputies; they seemed sober and attentive enough. Suggest that keeping the commissioners at a distance and not meeting at Sandusky is counterproductive to reaching peace agreement. It has been 60 days already beyond the appointed time of opening treaty talks. Commissioners acknowledge that Treaty of Stanwix 25 years ago established Ohio River as boundary line. But 7 years after, a quarrel broke out between father, the King of Great Britain, and the colonies, now the United States. The quarrel was ended by a Treaty with the King of England about 10 years ago whereby the lake and the waters which unite them were declared the boundary of United States. Now that there is peace with King of England, the commissioners come to make peace with all the Indian Nations. Refer to Treaty of Stanwix and then Treaty of Ft. McIntosh, followed by other treaties made with diverse Indian Nations south of Ohio River. As a result of these prior treaties, large tracts of land were ceded to United States, resulting in white settlements. The French also settled. There was dissatisfaction with these previous treaties, so Governor St. Clair attempted to resolve the disputes. Commissioners make reference to Treaties of Fort Stanwix, Fort Harmar and Fort McIntosh. The United States hoped to gain peace from these Treaties, but did not. It is impossible now to make the Ohio River the boundary; there are too many improvements, settlements by whites on the north side of the Ohio River. Mention that a large tract was sold to Pennsylvania by the Delaware and Wyandots, of which there has been no complaint. Commissioners pause to state that they will present this speech in writing. They want the Indians to give up the lands they agreed to cede in the Treaty of Fort Harmar and by General George Rogers Clark [during Revolutionary War], for the use of himself and his warriors. In consideration, the United States will give up large sums of money, skins, furs and goods, and a yearly rent for the benefit of yourselves and children forever. They point out that the King of England no longer has any rights or claims to United States land. This pointed out by Lord Dorcester at Quebec [also known as Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, Governor of Quebec]. Commissioners go on to claim particular tracts by the right of pre-emption. Speech interpreted by Mr Jones in Seneka tongue and was said to be well understood by Wyandot Chief Sa-wagh-do-wunk and members of his deputation and Simon Girty. Exchange of wampum took place. Deputation promised to make reply next morning.
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Related Persons/Groups Wyandots; Delawares; Shawanese; Miamis; Mingoes; Pattawatonnies; Ottawas; Connoys, [Conoys]; Chippewas; Munsees; Federal Commissioners Sandusky; confederated Indian Nations; King of England; United States; England; Half King of Wyandots; Kakiapilathy; Shawanese Chiefs; Governor St. Clair; General George Rogers Clark; Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, Governor of Quebec; Benjamin Lincoln; Timothy Pickering; Beverley Randolph; Captain Elliot; President of United States General George Washington; Sa-wagh-do-wunk; Simon Girty; Mr Jones; Seneka;
Related Places Sandusky; England; United States; Ohio River; Ft. Stanwix; Ft. McIntosh; Miami River; Falls of Muskinghum; Pennsylvania; north side of the Ohio River; Beaver Creek; mouth of Detroit River; Seneka; Ohio; Quebec; Canada; Upper Canada; New York; ;
Keywords Treaty of Stanwix; Treaty of Ft. McIntosh; Treaty of Harmar; Sandusky Conference; wampum; furs; skins; goods; money; ;
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