Instructions Regarding Willet's Mission to the Creek Nation

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CollectionChicago Historical Society: Henry Knox Papers view image
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Date March 12, 1790
Author Name Henry Knox (primary) Location: War Office
Recipient Name Marinus Willett (primary)
Summary Knox informs Colonel Marinus Willet of his instructions for meeting with the Creek Nation of Indians and their leader, Alexander McGillivray. His primary mission is to prevent a war and to encourage McGillivray and other Creek chiefs to travel to New York for treaty talks.
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Related Persons/Groups Marinus Willet; Henry Knox; Creek Nation of Indians; Alexander McGillivray; southern Indians; Benjamin Hawkins; incursive parties of the Creeks; Upper Creeks; Major Doughty; legislature of Georgia; Cowetas and Cusitahs of the lower Creeks; ;
Related Places War Office; Georgia; New York; South Carolina; Charleston; West Point; frontiers; Muscle Shoals on the Tennesse River; country of the Chickasaws; ;
Keywords peace with Great Britain; war with said Creeks; [Treaty of New York]; solemn embassy; civility; friendship; principles of justice and humanity; knowledge of the human character; strong predjudices; hostility against the frontiers; passport of the President of the United States [Washington]; by land instead of water; your compensation for this service; mortality; resonable expenses of the Indians; travelling expenses; McMurray's maps of the United States; embarkation for Georgia; peace; temper of the Chickasaws and Choctaws; ;
Key Phrases prevent a war is the main object of your business with the Creeks; ...[McGillivray] has established a strong, if not a universal influence over the conduct of the Creeks; your principlal effort will be to persuade [McGillivray] to repair to New York with such other chiefs as he shall think proper to accompany him; the letter of Mr. Hawkins to Mr. McGillivray will be your introduction to him; the troops are placed at their respective stations with the intention of preserving the peace and punishing those who shall violate the same, whether whites or Indians; this post [at Muscle Shoals] from its vicinity and position will operate as a strong curb on the conduct of the upper Creeks; the conduct of the troops will be dictated by the conduct of the Creeks; ...late conduct of the Legislature of Georgia in selling the lands of the Chickasaws and Choctaws to certain companies of men; your object will be to conciliate the Upper Creeks;

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