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Report on the Chickasaws and Choctaws

Sources & Images
Source Name Image(s)
CollectionPrinted Version only view image
PublicationLowrie, Walter and St. Clair Clarke, Matthew, eds. American State Papers: Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States, Vol. IV, Indian Affairs. 38 Vols. Washington, DC: Gales and Seaton, 1832. (no image)
Document Information
Date July 7, 1789
Author Name Henry Knox (primary) Location: War Office
Recipient Name George Washington (primary)
Summary Knox views the substantial distance of the Chickasaws and Choctaws from frontier settlements as the principle reason that few complaints regarding white encroachments have thus far been lodged. Knox notes that Chickasaws and Choctaws are "represented as candid, generous, brave, and honest" and have placed themselves under the protection of the United States and no other sovereign.
Document Format Printed transcription/modern copy of Document
Document Notes Images of this document are located online at and
Content Notes [not available]
Related Persons/Groups George Washington; Henry Knox; Tobocah, one of the great medal chiefs of the Choctraws; Commissioners of the United States; Indian Nation; Chickasaws; warriors; whites; Cherokees; Congress; ;
Related Places War Office; frontier settlements; Indian land; ridge which divides the waters running into the Cumberland from those running into the Tennessee; the Mississippi; Mobile river; lower posts of the Muscle Shoals; mouth or junction of the Ocochappo with the Tennessee; headwaters of the Pascagoula and Pearl rivers; territory of Spain; ;
Keywords Treaty of Hopewell with the Chicasaws and Choctaws; land rights; boundary disputes; Indian relations; violence; peace; trading post; encroachments of the whites; distressed situation of the Cherokees; principal towns or villages; establishment of trade; ;
Key Phrases By this treaty [of Hopewell] they [Chickasaws and Choctaws] acknowledge themselves to be under the protection of the United States and of no other sovereign whatsoever; a tract of land is reserved for a trading post;

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