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Deplorable Situation of the Cherokees

Sources & Images
Source Name Image(s)
CollectionPrinted Version only view image
PublicationLowrie, Walter and St. Clair Clarke, Matthew, eds. American State Papers: Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States, Vol. IV, Indian Affairs. 38 Vols. Washington, DC: Gales and Seaton, 1832. (no image)
Document Information
Date July 7, 1789
Author Name Henry Knox (primary) Location: War Office
Recipient Name George Washington (primary)
Summary Knox addresses the current situation pertaining to the Cherokee nation. He estimates the number of Cherokee warriors between 2,000 and 2,650. He observes that the Treaty of Hopewell "has been entirely disregarded by the white people inhabiting the frontiers." This is the third report in a four part series of briefs regarding Indian Affairs that Knox sent to the President.
Document Format Printed transcription/modern copy of Document
Document Notes Image of this document is located online at
Content Notes [not available]
Related Persons/Groups George Washington; Henry Knox; Cherokee; Indian Nation; warriors; inhabitants; President; Colonel Joseph Martin, late Agent to the Cherokees and Chickasaws; Congress; Richard Winn; superintendent; Chickasaw; Commissioners appointed by North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia; ;
Related Places War Office; frontier; territory; Indian lands; headwaters of the Tennessee; the Ohio; Virginia; North Carolina; South Carolina; Georgia; the Keowee; Upper War-ford on French broad river; State of Franklin; ;
Keywords Treaty of Hopewell; hunting grounds; peace; war; hostilities; land rights; boundary disputes; Indian relations; council; Indian Affairs; negotiations; depredations committed on [the Indians]; ;
Key Phrases ...the State of North Carolina...protested against said treaty [of Hopewell] as infringing and violating the legislative rights of that State; said treaty [of Hopewell] has been entirely disregarded by the white people inhabiting the frontiers...; ...deplorable situation of the Cherokees and the indispensable obligation of the United States to vindicate their faith, justice, and national dignity; ...part of the Cherokees have taken refuge within the limits of the Creeks;

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