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An Account of the State of Creek Indians

Sources & Images
Source Name Image(s)
CollectionPrinted Version only view image
PublicationLowrie, Walter and St. Clair Clarke, Matthew, eds. American State Papers: Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States. 38 Vols. Washington, DC: Gales and Seaton, 1832. (no image)
Document Information
Date May 24, 1787
Author Name James White (primary) Location: Fayetteville
Recipient Name Henry Knox (primary)
Summary James White, superintendent of the Southern District, reports that the threatened Creek invasion has subsided. Creeks favorably inclined by the liberal sentiments of commissioners from Congress; although they resent the State of Georgia for their encroachments. Alexander McGillivray claims allegiance to United States, but not Georgia. Strength is about 6000 gunmen; have support from the Spaniards in Florida. Does not know with what conveniency the United States could wage war on Creeks; but Georgia had difficulty keeping its troops together. Creeks are reluctant to part with their lands and they will fight for retention. Discusses the matter of consent of land sales by partial elements of Creek nation. White people continue to make encroachments and surveys of land. Much of instigation due to McGillivray, who is in Spanish pay, and who hates Georgia. He also has British connections. Sends a letter from McGillivray. White also encloses letter he sent to McGillivray and a talk he gave to Lower Creeks.
Document Format Modern Printed Transcription of Letter/Document
Document Notes American State papers: Documents. Part 2, volume 1, pp 20-21.
Content Notes [not available]
Related Persons/Groups Henry Knox; James White; Creek Indians; Creeks; hostages; Indians; white people; commissioners from Congress; agent; McGillivray; chief; Indian Chief; Spanish allies; trader; gun-men; Choctaws; Legislature and Executive of the Stage of Georgia; ;
Related Places Fayetteville; Creek Nation; Georgia; Cusitash; lower towns; Altamaha; Oconee; Pensacola; Alabama River; Apalachicola River; Florida; Spanish territories; ;
Keywords invasion; tranquility; boundary; detention; alienate the minds; death; dispositions; liberal sentiments; new settlements; full meeting; Georgian encroachments; repel by force; alliance; scandalous and illiberal personal abuse; oath of allegiance; company; imports; rifles; war; partial treaty; paper medium; troops raised; ;
Key Phrases [not available]

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