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Should the U.S. Send another Minister to France after the treatment M. Pickney received [?]

Sources & Images
Source Name Image(s)
CollectionColumbia University Libraries: General Collection view image
Document Information
Date April 29, 1797
Author Name James McHenry (primary)
Recipient Name [not available]
Summary Document, discusses whether or not the United States should send another minister to France, after the ill treatment Mr. Pinckney received from the Directorate.
Document Format Draft Document
Document Notes Draft response to President's question. This draft document contains 24 pages--an unnumbered 'title' endorcement, 19 numbered pages (with 3 unnumbered pages interleaved with them ahead of pages 1,2, and 18--apparently notes made on the back of the page preceding), and a page containing a reference to a work by Joannes Franciscus Buddeus. (It is not clear that the last mentioned page was actually a part of this document, although it may indicate the source of some of the ideas contained in the paper.) This document was found in a packet of documents labled 'How to Avoid War with France.' This packet also included 4 other items: a shorter draft titled 'Opinions on questions proposed by the President,' two draft letters, and a 1 page memorandum--each of which we have dated 04/99[unknown]/1797.
Content Notes [not available]
Related Persons/Groups James McHenry; Secretary of War; President John Adams; French Directory; Emperor of Germany; King of Prussia; Emperor; Mr Charles Cotesworth Pinckney; Mr Adet; Mr Thomas Jefferson; Mr Maddison; James Madison; French Armies; Congress; American people; belligerent powers; sailors; Cherokee; ;
Related Places Germany; England; West India Islands; Italy; Rhine; Russia; France; Great Britain; Saxony; Paris; western frontier; Tennessee; ;
Keywords negotiation; mission to Paris; negotiation; peace; war; US Constellation; US Constitution; trade; treasury; commerce; depredations; mission; maritime resources; navy; insults and injuries; commission extraordinary; credit; appointment; treaty; complaints; constant state of change; documents; neutrality; freedom of navigation; articles contraband of war; rights; treaty of alliance; commercial relations; mutual interest; commercial treaty; French wines; salted fish; fish oils; brandy; French brandy; American tobacco; taxes; battleships; frigates; President's speech; patriotism; common defense; general welfare; advice; trade; sea property;
Key Phrases Should the US send another minister to France after the treatment which Mr. Pinckney received; formal exhibit of grievances and requirement for redress; suspension of that ministers diplomatic functions; extended and aggravated depredations upon our commerce; could not demand reparation for the injuries our trade had illegally sustained; no power to adjust and settle mutual complaints; to render such a mission efficacious; embarrass or suspend the hostile projects of France; effects of these depredations upon the manufactures and finances of GB; weakening or destroying their maritime resources; taking such to be the intended line of her policy it is not to be presumed that a simple mission could induce her to listen to terms; a sad spectacle of national imbecility and exhibit a most mournful departure from all sense of dignity to send a mere abstract mission; adverse to the course of our government and devoted to France would give an opportunity to play into the hands of France; cabal between France and the party; far from certain that he would be disposed to make an absolute sacrifice of his country; suffice to remark that the superiority of a commission so constructed over a new diplomatic character and powers to Mr Pinckney will depend very much upon the measures which Congress may adopt on the minds of the American people previous to any appointment; the French complaints being founded on the British treaty; should France persist in refusing to the US the rights resulting to them from the treaty of commerce, that it will be justifiable for the US to declare the rights resulting to France from a treaty of alliance null or forfeited; cultivate a good understanding and to maintain a friendly intercourse with France; military establishment be augmented in its artillery infantry and cavalry and a provisional force of regular troops and militia so far organized as to be easily and quickly brought into service; sea board fortifications be completed and the ordnance and military items augmented; it is in vain for the US to expect that they will have attention paid to their rights, and remain in a state of naval & military imbecility during those wars between powerful nations;

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