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Detailed Instructions for the Execution of the Plan for Civilizing the Cherokee

Sources & Images
Source Name Image(s)
CollectionMassachusetts Historical Society: John Adams Papers view image
Document Information
Date August 29, 1796
Author Name James McHenry (primary) Location: War Office
Recipient Name Colonel Silas Dinsmoor (primary)
Summary Attaches speech, approved by the president, to the Cherokees. Laments that recent attempts to civilize the Indians have failed; states that the key is to "wean them from hunting and trapping," and started on agriculture & animal husbandry. Says this is the basis of the president's talk. Asks that Dinsmoor be ready to report a need for tools & instructors for civilized activities like these, or, for instance, spinning & weaving. Asks that Dinsmoor familiarize himself with the Cherokee language, to better instruct and persuade them. Encloses a copy of "An Act to Regulate Trade and Intercourse with the Indian tribes, and to preserve the peace on the frontier," along with instructions to explain and enforce it among the Cherokee. Asks for frequent reports and expense accounts for the articles needed to instruct and mollify the Indians. Advises Dinsmoor that he may assign the interpreters previously hired by the U.S. as he sees fit.
Document Format Letterbook Copy
Document Notes No tif image. DEII Candidacy: instructions give a detailed look at the federal view of the Indian tribes at this time, and how to "civilize" them (especially one of those already reputed to be more civilized than many others).
Content Notes [not available]
Related Persons/Groups Silas Dinsmoor; James McHenry; Cherokees; President; general council; tribes; Cherokee women; Congress; officer; Governor of Tennessee; settlers; traders; Coody; Hicks; Cary; interpreters; Creek Nation; Mr. McKee; ;
Related Places War Office; Cherokee towns; Oostinahli; Tennessee; Tellico Block house; Ohio River; Creek Nation; ;
Keywords talk; civilizing system; market; skins; experiment; weaving; stock; agriculture; act; theft; license; oath; annual stipend; salary; ;
Key Phrases [not available]

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