Detailed Instructions for Commander in Georgia to Dispose Troops to Keep Peace Between Creek Indians & Georgians

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CollectionMassachusetts Historical Society: John Adams Papers view image
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Document Information
Date August 23, 1796
Author Name James McHenry (primary) Location: War Office
Recipient Name Henry Gaither (primary)
Summary Notes that a treaty has been concluded with the Creek Indians reaffirming desires to live in friendship with the United States; however, asks Gaither to be prepared for contingencies. Says that the president has deemed it wise to have U.S. forces keep both the Georgians and the Creeks from intruding on each others' land and rights. Describes the extent of the land claim in question, and its value for agriculture and as a potential battlefield, that he may advise Gaither of where to position his troops, to cover the most vulnerable and desirable areas. Asks that Gaither both garrison certain named posts and establish others which are easily defended & supplied, are healthy for the garrison, and are situated to strike at the Indians promptly should war begin. Orders that the garrisons of existing forts in Georgia be reduced to cover these proposed posts. Should inform the provisioning contractors of the changes, so provisions continue to flow. Notes that Washington has ordered dragoons from Wayne's army to join the contingent in Georgia, to serve as patrollers. Requests that particular attention be made to secure patrols against surprise or theft of horses, as a matter of extreme import to the president. Encloses a copy [not included] of "An Act to regulate trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes and to preserve peace on the frontiers."
Document Format Letter Signed
Document Notes Cited in McHenry to Washington, 11/14/1798.
Content Notes [not available]
Related Persons/Groups Henry Gaither; James McHenry; Secretary of War; Lieutenant Colonel Command Gaither; President; Creeks; Indians; Commissioners; Agents of the State of Georgia; Harrison; frontier inhabitants; troops; Contractor; Dragoons; General Wayne; marauding Indians; cavalry; ;
Related Places War Office; Georgia; Coleraine; within the Indian line; frontier; Indian land; Fort Pickering; St Mary's River; boundary line; Alatamaha; Oconee River; Oconee; Oakmulgee; Flint River; Appalachee; Appalachee River; Currahee Mountain; Heowee; Indian Country; Indian frontier; Fort Fidius; Acheewantchee; Thlocklaoso; Fishing Creek; Beard's Bluff; Fort Telfair; Oconee Country; Fort Pickering; Fort St Tammany; ;
Keywords disposition; meeting; land; civil decisions; case; military force; Indian line; thieving; hostile incursions; treaty; barrenness; cattle; protection; bluffs; fish; ground; situation; provisions; soil; wood; construction of the work; herbage; water; proper sites; scites; subaltern's command; horse; patrols; forage; quarters; thest; standing order; ;
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