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Treaty with the Creeks

Sources & Images
Source Name Image(s)
CollectionGeorgia Department of Archives and History: State of GA, Executive Minutes view image
Document Information
Date March 14, 1796
Author Name Jared Irwin (primary) Location: State House, Louisville
Recipient Name James McHenry (primary) Location: Philadelphia
Summary Georgia Governor Jared Irwin's report on the depredations on the Georgia frontier by hostile Indians. The Governor urges that innocent settlers be protected by the federal government from the attacks. If not protected, they might be compelled to leave their homes, even though they should be planting crops. He recommends that a treaty be made with the Creek Indians so that some of the lands between the Oconee and the Oakmulgie can be obtained.
Document Format Copy of Signed Document
Document Notes Pages 3 and 5 display the bottoms of pages 2 and 4, with some overlap.
Content Notes [not available]
Related Persons/Groups James McHenry; Jared Irwin; Governor Matthews; President of the United States; George Washington; the legislature; settlers; Indians; subaltern officer; troops of horse; Creek Indians; ;
Related Places Philadelphia; State House, Louisville; County of Montgomery; frontier; Oconee; Oakmulgie; Georgia;
Keywords depradations on our frontier by Indians; evils; General Government; the force of the enemy; trial at the next Superior Court; treaty with the Creek Indians; resolution; calamity; ;
Key Phrases [not available]

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State House Louisville
Monday 14th March 1796
The following Communication was made
to the Secretary of War.
State House Louisville 14th March 1796
I do myself the Honor to transmit
you herewith enclosed certain Resolutions
of the Legislature of this State, dated the 3d
and 15th of February last five depositions relative
to the depredations committed on our frontier
by Indians, and also a certified copy of an
Act repealing a certain Act therein mentioned
and declaring the same null and void, all of
which you will be pleased to lay before the
President of the United States.
In addition to the Representations
made by the Legislature with respect
to the distressed situation of our frontier, I
must remark, that is is now become indispensably
necessary that the Inocent settlers should be protected
if possible from the ravaging hand of the Savage
if they are not, and they should be compelled
to leave their homes when they ought to be planting
their crops, there is no calculatinf where it will
end, or the scenes of distress that this Country
may probably be involved in: to prevent such ends
and at the same time to make the expences as little
furthersome to the General Government as possible
I have determined to pursue for the present, the
Arrangement established by my predecessor
Governor Mathews, which was to Garrison
each Block House erected on the frontier with
a Subaltern Officer and fifteen privates and
to continue on duty two Troops of Horse,
this mey serve as a Temporary security to the
Settlers, but cannot be considered as adequate
protections, should the Savages persis in committing
depredations, which from circumstances there is too much [undecipherable]
conclude is their intention in such an unfortunate
event I shall be compelled to augment the the arrangement
in proportion to the force of the Enemy.
I am happy to have it in my power to
inform you that some of the principal authors of our
calamities are now in the hands of Justice_ Harris[?]
with some of his followers have been apprehended
and will stand their trial at the next Suprin
Court for the County of Montgomery should they
meet with their desorts, perhaps our unhappy Country
may have once more freed from the Horror of a savage War
[undecipherable] in any event I hope and trust the protection of
the Government will not be witheld from the
inocent and that I shall speedily receive the Sanction
of the President to the measures I have adopted.
I must beg leave also to remark
that it is the first wish of the peiple of this Country
that a Treaty should be held with the Creek
Indians in order that the Lands between the Oconee
and Oakmulgie may be obtained. On this Subject
the Legislature have expressed their sense in the
Resolution herewith enclosed which is consonant to my
own Opinion.
I am &C
Jared Irwin

Secy of War

A deposition of Lieutnant Irwin
relative to depredations committed by the Indians on the 28th
December 1795 was read &
Ordered to ve filed