Master of a Trade House to Serve the Indians of the Southwestern Territory

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CollectionMassachusetts Historical Society: John Adams Papers view image
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Document Information
Date November 26, 1795
Author Name Timothy Pickering (primary) Location: War Office
Recipient Name James Byers (primary) Location: Factor at Tellico
Summary Secretary Pickering appoints James Byers as the factor of a trading house in the Southwestern Territory, which has been established by Congress as the second of two experimental trading posts set up to supply the Indians with goods. Sets forth instructions on the running of the post, covering pricing, the objective of maintaining friendship with the Indians, medium of exchange (money or peltries [pelts] only), whom to contact in the local office of Indian Affairs, stance on credit for Indians, recommendations of assistants and the local military commander, recommendations for the location, the keeping of military stores at the post, accounting for the living expenses of the factor [Byers] & his assistants, the replacement of goods out of stock, the (reluctant) inclusion of rum in the goods to be furnished to the post, proper record-keeping, and the necessity of keeping on good terms with the Indians. The instructions appear identical to those presented to the factor of the other new trading post, in Georgia.
Document Format Document Signed
Document Notes DEII Candidacy: these elaborate instructions for the Indian trade give much insight into the practices and opinions regarding Indians in early federal policy. (Note: the instructions appear identical to those given to Edward Price on the same date, so _both_ need not be upgraded to DEII).
Content Notes [not available]
Related Persons/Groups James Byers; Timothy Pickering;
Related Places Tellico; Southwest Territory; War Office;
Keywords money; peltries;
Key Phrases [not available]
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