Massacre of Indians in Tennessee

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Source Name Image(s)
CollectionPrinted Version only view image
PublicationLowrie, Walter and St. Clair Clarke, Matthew, eds. American State Papers: Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States, Vol. IV, Indian Affairs. 38 Vols. Washington, DC: Gales and Seaton, 1832. (no image)
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Document Information
Date September 24, 1794
Author Name James Ore (primary) Location: Knoxville
Recipient Name William Blount (primary)
Summary Letter to William Blount, Governor of Southwest Territory. Describes his march from Nashville, with 550 mounted infantry, pursuing the trace of the Indians who had lately committed murders in the Mero District, and of the party that captured Peter Turney's negro woman. The infantry destroyed the Cherokee towns of Nickajack and Running Water. Nickajack was entirely surrounded and attacked by surprise, "the slaughter was great." 19 women and children were made prisoners. At the town of Running Water they met resistance. Estimates that between the two towns, upwards of 50 Indians were killed, and for the infantry, there were none killed and three wounded, a lieutenant and two privates. At Nickajack they found "two fresh scalps" lately taken at Cumberland, and several older scalps hanging in the houses of various warriors. A quantity of ammunition, powder, and lead from the Spanish government was also in the town.
Document Format Printed Document
Document Notes Enclosed in McHenry to US House, 04/05/1798.
Content Notes [not available]
Related Persons/Groups William Blount; James Ore; governor; General Robertson; infantry; Indians; Peter Turney; negro; woman; slave; prisoners; Running Water; Cherokees; Cherokee; Spanish; John Watts; Bloody Fellow; Creeks; Red-headed Will;
Related Places Knoxville; Southwest Territory; Tennessee; Mero District; Nashville; Nickajack; Spain; Cumberland;
Keywords murder; ammunition; powder; lead; frontier;
Key Phrases [not available]
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